Outdoor Water Fountains And Public Policy

The first US city to pass a tax on sugary drinks was Berkley, California in February 2014. The objective is to have people drinking more water and other natural drinks by elevating the price tag of soda and other sugar-sweetened drinks. The aim of the research was to evaluate the state of community drinking water fountains and figure out if there is a distinction in access to fresh, operating drinking fountains based on racial or economic components. The research utilized a GPS app to collect data on present water fountains in the city. ppd-635__20922.jpg Investigators then used US Census data to find out more about the economic and racial issues that impacted the city. By cross-referencing the water fountain locations with the demographic data, they were able to establish whether access to working fountains was class reliant. They were able to uncover the demographics of locations surrounding active fountains, as well as the cleanliness and maintenance of fountains across various areas. The tidiness of lots of fountains was found wanting, even if most were working.

The Earliest Water Features

The water from creeks and other sources was initially supplied to the residents of nearby communities and cities through water fountains, whose purpose was primarily practical, not artistic. A supply of water higher in elevation than the fountain was necessary to pressurize the flow and send water spraying from the fountain's nozzle, a technology without equal until the later part of the 19th century. Typically used as memorials and commemorative edifices, water fountains have influenced people from all over the globe throughout the ages. Simple in style, the very first water fountains did not look much like contemporary fountains. The first recognized water fountain was a stone basin created that served as a container for drinking water and ceremonial purposes. 2,000 B.C. is when the earliest known stone fountain basins were used. The first civilizations that used fountains depended on gravity to push water through spigots. These ancient fountains were created to be functional, commonly situated along reservoirs, creeks and waterways to supply drinking water. Fountains with elaborate decoration started to show up in Rome in approx. 6 BC, commonly gods and creatures, made with natural stone or bronze. Water for the open fountains of Rome arrived to the city via a complex system of water aqueducts.

A Water Feature Your Kitty Will Enjoy

Is your feline enticed by the sound of running water in the sink? Does he check the water in his bowl with his paw or drink from the toilet?

Cats tend to favor water that is running, as this behavior illustrates. Typically, they do not consume standing water.

In the wild, cats ingest meat full of moisture which keeps them sufficiently hydrated. Therefore, felines do not have a natural desire for much water. Pet cats, however, count on you for their water, as they do not get the adequate hydration from their meals. To keep a good water supply for your pet, get it a cat fountain.

If you install one, you can rest easy knowing your cat has convenient access to water. There are numerous different styles of fountains so you can buy one that your cat really likes. One kind of fountain has continually moving water for maximum freshness whereas others have water which is automatically refilled when the bowl is empty.

The Effect of the Norman Conquest on Anglo-Saxon Landscaping

The Anglo-Saxon way of life was considerably changed by the appearance of the Normans in the later eleventh century. The talent of the Normans surpassed the Anglo-Saxons' in architecture and farming at the time of the conquest. But the Normans had to pacify the whole territory before they could concentrate on home life, domestic architecture, and decoration. Because of this, castles were cruder constructions than monasteries: Monasteries were usually important stone buildings set in the biggest and most fertile valleys, while castles were erected on windy crests where their inhabitants devoted time and space to tasks for offense and defense. Gardening, a quiet occupation, was unfeasible in these fruitless fortifications. Berkeley Castle, potentially the most unspoiled style of the early Anglo-Norman style of architecture, still exists in the present day. The keep is reported to have been conceived during the time of William the Conqueror.

As a strategy of deterring assailants from tunneling under the walls, an immense terrace encompasses the building. One of these terraces, a charming bowling green, is covered grass and flanked by an aged yew hedge cut into the shape of crude battlements.

Recommendations for Picking the Ideal Fountain for Your Needs

Before selecting a water fountain, carefully consider specifically where you want to put it. The entryway to a hotel or building is a wonderful spot for them, as they offer a lovely welcome to visitors.

If you choose to put yours against a wall, there are fountains designed specifically for this purpose. To install one against a wall, look for a bar or hook on the back made exactly for this purpose. There are many natural hazards such as wind or animals which can knock over your fountain if you do not securely affix it to the wall, so do not fail to do this as soon as possible.

Anywhere people come together to sit and breathe in the fresh air is great for another option, a garden sculpture style.


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