A Concise History of Outdoor Fountains

Water fountains were initially practical in purpose, used to deliver water from rivers or springs to towns and hamlets, supplying the inhabitants with fresh water to drink, wash, and cook with. To generate water flow through a fountain until the late 1800’s, and create a jet of water, mandated gravity and a water source such as a creek or lake, located higher than the fountain. The beauty and wonder of fountains make them ideal for traditional monuments. If you saw the 1st fountains, you would not recognize them as fountains. ba-10230__41539.jpg A stone basin, crafted from rock, was the very first fountain, utilized for containing water for drinking and ceremonial purposes. Stone basins as fountains have been uncovered from 2,000 BC. The spray of water appearing from small spouts was pushed by gravity, the lone power source creators had in those days. Situated near reservoirs or springs, the functional public water fountains provided the local populace with fresh drinking water. Fountains with embellished Gods, mythological monsters, and animals began to show up in Rome in about 6 B.C., made from stone and bronze. The people of Rome had an elaborate system of aqueducts that delivered the water for the many fountains that were located throughout the urban center.

Rome, Gian Bernini, And Water Features

There are many famous water fountains in Rome’s city center. Gian Lorenzo Bernini, one of the finest sculptors and artists of the 17th century developed, conceived and produced nearly all of them. Traces of his life's efforts are apparent throughout the avenues of Rome simply because, in addition to his skills as a water feature designer, he was also a city architect. Bernini's father, a renowned Florentine sculptor, guided his young son, and they eventually transferred in Rome, to thoroughly show their artwork in the form of public water fountains and water features. The young Bernini received compliments from Popes and influential artists alike, and was an exceptional employee. His sculpture was originally his claim to fame. Working faultlessly with Roman marble, he utilized a base of experience in the classic Greek architecture, most especially in the Vatican. Though he was influenced by many, Michelangelo had the most profound effect on him, both personally and professionally.

Where are the Planet's Most Grandiose Water Elements?

The King Fahd Fountain ( crafted in 1985) in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, has the tallest consistently-running fountain on the planet. It propels water reaching 260 meters (853 feet) above the Red Sea.

The Han-Gang River in Seoul, Korea (2002), comes in second with water levels of 202 meters (663 feet).

Located next to the Mississippi River in St. Louis, Missouri, is 3rd placed Gateway Geyser (1995). This fountain is considered the tallest in the U.S. with water reaching up to 192 meters (630 feet).

The next on the list is Port Fountain located in Karachi, Pakistan which rockets water 190 meters (620 feet) into the sky.

Fountain Park in Fountain Hills, Arizona is number 4: it can jet water 171 meters (561 feet) high when the three pumps function at full capacity, it is usually limited to 91 meters (300 feet).

The Dubai Fountain, opened to the public in 2009, is located near the Burj Khalifa, the world’s tallest building. Once every 1/2 hour, this fountain begins dancing to pre-recorded musical themes while shooting water 73 meters (240 feet) high. It also has extreme shooters, rarely used, which go as high as 150 meters (490 feet).

Constructed in 1970, the Captain James Cook Memorial Jet in Canberra, Australia, comes in at number 7 shooting water up to 147 meters (482 feet).

And finally comes the Jet d'eau, in Geneva (1951) which measures 140 meters (460 feet) in height.

Aqueducts: The Answer to Rome's Water Troubles

Previous to 273, when the very first elevated aqueduct, Aqua Anio Vetus, was constructed in Rome, residents who dwelled on hillsides had to go further down to collect their water from natural sources. When aqueducts or springs weren’t easily accessible, people living at greater elevations turned to water drawn from underground or rainwater, which was made available by wells and cisterns. From the early sixteenth century, water was routed to Pincian Hill through the subterranean channel of Acqua Vergine. Spanning the length of the aqueduct’s channel were pozzi, or manholes, that gave entry. The manholes made it less demanding to clean the channel, but it was also achievable to use buckets to remove water from the aqueduct, as we witnessed with Cardinal Marcello Crescenzi when he possessed the property from 1543 to 1552, the year he died. The cistern he had built to gather rainwater wasn’t satisfactory to meet his water demands.

That is when he made the decision to create an access point to the aqueduct that ran below his residence.

Grow Your Company with a Water Element

Most customers love a good water fountain. The entranceway to your company or store is a great spot to place a water fountain as will increase traffic flow as well as differentiate you from others. Yoga studios, bookstores, coffee shops, salons, and other retail spaces are great places to install a water fountain. The right water fountain will add a relaxing feel to a business that attracts people who enjoy the outdoors. Bars or a restaurants that include a water feature will appeal to those who are looking for a romantic setting.


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