Creators of the First Fountains

twf023__30478.jpg Multi-talented people, fountain designers from the 16th to the late 18th century typically worked as architects, sculptors, artists, engineers and cultivated scholars all in one person. Leonardo da Vinci, a Renaissance artist, was celebrated as a ingenious master, inventor and scientific virtuoso. With his immense curiosity regarding the forces of nature, he explored the qualities and motion of water and carefully documented his findings in his now much celebrated notebooks. Early Italian water fountain builders changed private villa settings into inventive water showcases full of symbolic meaning and natural beauty by coupling imagination with hydraulic and gardening talent. The humanist Pirro Ligorio, celebrated for his virtuosity in archeology, architecture and garden design, provided the vision behind the wonders in Tivoli. For the various mansions near Florence, other fountain creators were well versed in humanist subjects as well as classical scientific texts, masterminding the excellent water marbles, water highlights and water jokes.

Historic Crete & The Minoans: Wall Fountains

During archaeological excavations on the island of Crete, various sorts of channels have been uncovered. They were used for water supply as well as removal of storm water and wastewater. They were typically made from clay or rock. There were clay pipes, both circular and rectangular as well as canals made from the same components. There are a couple of examples of Minoan terracotta conduits, those with a shortened cone shape and a U-shape that have not been seen in any civilization since that time. Terracotta pipelines were put down under the floor surfaces at Knossos Palace and used to circulate water.

The clay pipes were additionally used for amassing and saving water. These clay pipelines were essential to perform: Underground Water Transportation: the obscure system for water distribution could possibly have been chosen to supply water to certain people or events. Quality Water Transportation: The water pipes may also have been utilized to haul water to fountains that were split from the city’s regular technique.

Early Water Supply Techniques in The City Of Rome

Rome’s 1st elevated aqueduct, Aqua Anio Vetus, was built in 273 BC; prior to that, citizens living at higher elevations had to depend on local springs for their water. Outside of these aqueducts and springs, wells and rainwater-collecting cisterns were the only technological innovations obtainable at the time to supply water to locations of higher elevation. In the very early 16th century, the city began to use the water that ran below the ground through Acqua Vergine to supply drinking water to Pincian Hill. The aqueduct’s channel was made reachable by pozzi, or manholes, that were placed along its length when it was initially constructed. The manholes made it more straightforward to thoroughly clean the channel, but it was also achievable to use buckets to remove water from the aqueduct, as we observed with Cardinal Marcello Crescenzi when he bought the property from 1543 to 1552, the year he died. He didn’t get adequate water from the cistern that he had constructed on his residential property to obtain rainwater. Fortunately, the aqueduct sat under his residence, and he had a shaft opened to give him access.

Disappearing Fountains: A Few of the Plusses of Having one in your Garden

A second name for a disappearing fountain is a “pondless” fountain. You are not able to see where the water comes from, because it is underground. Disappearing fountains should be positioned near any place people hang out frequently, as they add so much to the surrounding area. They are available in a wide number of designs, some of which are ceramic urns, waterfalls, granite columns, and millstones.

There are many reasons to consider getting a disappearing fountain. Any danger to anyone standing around it is averted since the water source is underneath ground level. That said, you will not have to stress out about the well-being of your children. Evaporating water is also not a concern since the water source is not out in the open.

This means you will lose less water than if you had another type of fountain. The water source will remain clean and free of dirt since it is below gound and algae will not grow in it, so you will not need to spend a lot of time cleaning it. Finally, due to its reduced size, it is easier to fit it where you want it than other types of fountains.

Santa Maria in Cosmedin: A Roman Water Fountain Worth Seeing

Archaeologists and restorers alike have stumbled upon a wealth of pagan and Christian relics on the grounds of Santa Maria in Cosmedin in Rome. The nearby basilica is mainly for the marble sculpture known as the Bocca della Verità, (Mouth of Truth) located in its entryway. Since the Santa Maria in Cosmedin fountain (1719) was located off the beaten track, it remained mostly unknown. Due to the fact that the nearby area was gloomy and mostly uninhabited, people were not particularly interested in visiting it. It was a this time that Pope Clement XI commissioned the Italian architect Carlo Bizzaccheri to put up a fountain to modernize the square outside the church of Santa Maria in Cosmedin. Work on the church's infrastructure commenced on on August 11, 1717. After blessing of the first stone, medals bearing the images of the Blessed Virgin, for whom the church is named, and of St. John the Baptist, the patron saint of water, were tossed into the foundation.


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