Contemporary Statuary in Old Greece

Sculptors adorned the complex columns and archways with renderings of the gods until the period came to a close and more Greeks had begun to think of their religion as superstitious rather than sacred; at that point, it became more accepted for sculptors be compensated to depict everyday people as well. Portraiture became commonplace as well, and would be accepted by the Romans when they conquered the Greeks, and quite often affluent households would commission a depiction of their progenitors to be put inside their huge familial burial tombs. A point of artistic enhancement, the use of sculpture and alternate art forms transformed throughout the Greek Classical period, so it is inexact to say that the arts served only one function. Greek sculpture was actually a modern component of antiquity, whether the reason was faith based fervor or aesthetic satisfaction, and its contemporary quality may be what endears it to us today.

Introduce the Power of Feng Shui into Your Yard

Introduce feng shui design to the layout of your yard so it can bring energy into your household.

Size is not the primary factor when adding feng shui design to your garden. Of course, a large area is fantastic if you have it, but rest assured that feng shui works just as well in smaller areas as well.

The primary feng shui tools can be used for your interior decor as well as your garden design. Your yard's bagua, or energy map, is an extension of your house's bagua, so it is essential to determine your home’s first.

In order to make the most of feng shui, it is crucial to start by knowing how to strengthen each of its five elements.

The northeast corner of your garden, for instance, connects to personal growth and self-cultivation energy, and Earth is the feng shui element that is essential to integrate it. A perfect addition to the northeast corner of your yard might be a peaceful Zen garden decorated with natural stone, as they represent the Earth element in feng shui.

Anyone thinking about incorporating a water feature into their garden should place it in one of these feng shui areas: North (career & path in life), Southeast (money and abundance), or East (health & family).

Acqua Vergine: The Answer to Rome's Water Problems

Rome’s first elevated aqueduct, Aqua Anio Vetus, was built in 273 BC; before that, residents residing at higher elevations had to depend on natural springs for their water. During this time period, there were only 2 other technologies capable of providing water to high areas, subterranean wells and cisterns, which gathered rainwater. In the early sixteenth century, the city began to use the water that ran underground through Acqua Vergine to deliver water to Pincian Hill. Pozzi, or manholes, were constructed at regular stretches along the aqueduct’s channel. Even though they were initially manufactured to make it possible to service the aqueduct, Cardinal Marcello Crescenzi began using the manholes to collect water from the channel, opening when he acquired the property in 1543. Apparently, the rainwater cistern on his property wasn’t sufficient to fulfill his needs. By using an orifice to the aqueduct that flowed under his property, he was in a position to reach his water demands. twf131-ei__96111.jpg

The Reason Behind Water Features in Japanese Gardens

You will rarely see a Japanese garden that does not include a water feature. The Japanese water fountain is considered representative of spiritual and physical cleansing, so it is typically placed in or near the doorways of temples or homes. It is unusual to see elaborately -designed Japanese fountains since the focus is supposed to be on the water itself.

You will also see many fountains that have spouts made of bamboo. The bamboo spout is positioned over the basin, typically constructed of natural rocks, and water trickles out. Even when new, it should be designed to appear as if it has been outside for a long time. So that the fountain appears at one with nature, people customarily decorate it with natural stones, pretty flowers, and plants. To the owner of the fountain, it obviously is more than just nice decoration.

For something a bit more unique, start with a bed of gravel, add a stone fountain, and then embellish it artistically with live bamboo and other natural elements. The idea is that over time it will start to look more and more like a natural part of the area, as moss slowly grows over the stones.

Bigger water features can be created if there is enough open land. Nice add-ons include a babbling brook or tiny pool with koi in it.

Water, though, does not have to be used in a Japanese fountain. Lots of people choose to represent water with sand, gravel, or rocks rather than putting in actual water. The semblance of a creek with moving water can also be achieved by putting flat stones very closely together.

Reasons to Think About Putting in a Pondless Fountain in your Garden

Another term for a disappearing fountain is a “pondless” fountain. It is known as “disappearing” because the water source is under ground. Disappearing fountains add mellow sound effects and striking visuals to any place where people gather. It is not hard to find the kind that is right for you, as there are so many to pick from such as millstones, ceramic urns, waterfalls, and also those with granite columns.

There are many reasons to give some thought to choosing a disappearing fountain. Any danger to anyone standing around it is eliminated since the water source is below ground level. For this reason, it presents no risk to children. Evaporating water is also not a concern since the water source is not out in the open. This means you will use less water than if you had another style of fountain. The time needed on maintenanceis also minimized since algae does not grow underground and rubbish can not get into the water source. Finally, due to its reduced size, it is easier to fit it where you want it than other types of fountains.


The Circulation of Garden Water Fountains Manufacturing Knowledge in Europe
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A Fabulous Example of Roman Know-How: The Santa Maria in Cosmedin Water Fountain
Archaeologists and restorers on the lookout for pagan and Christian antiquities in Rome have stumbled upon a wealth of them in the area of the Santa Maria in Cosmedin. The Bocca della Verità (Mouth of Truth} is a renowned marble sculpture found in... read more