The Impact of the Norman Invasion on Anglo-Saxon Landscaping

Anglo-Saxons experienced extraordinary changes to their day-to-day lives in the latter half of the eleventh century due to the accession of the Normans. Engineering and horticulture were skills that the Normans excelled in, trumping that of the Anglo-Saxons at the time of the occupation. a-417__05828.jpg But before centering on home-life or having the occasion to think about domestic architecture or decoration, the Normans had to subjugate an entire population. Most often designed upon windy summits, castles were fundamental constructs that permitted their occupants to spend time and space to offensive and defensive strategies, while monasteries were rambling stone buildings generally installed in only the most fecund, extensive valleys. The bare fortresses did not provide for the peaceful avocation of gardening. Berkeley Castle, maybe the most pristine style of the early Anglo-Norman style of architecture, still exists in the present day. It is said that the keep was developed during William the Conqueror's time. A massive terrace serves as a deterrent to invaders who would attempt to mine the walls of the building. One of these terraces, a charming bowling green, is covered grass and flanked by an ancient yew hedge cut into the form of crude battlements.

Disappearing Fountains: A Few of the Advantages of Having one in your Backyard

The other term for a disappearing fountain is a “pondless” fountain. You cannot see where the water comes from, because it is underground. Disappearing fountains should be positioned near any place people hang out frequently, as they add so much to the surrounding area. They are available in a range of unique styles including waterfalls, columns made of granite, ceramic pots, and millstones.

There are many distinctive advantages to a disappearing fountain as opposed to other fountains. Since the water source is below ground, there is no exposed water to pose a threat to those around it.

Therefore, it is safe for children to be near it. Additionally, due to the fact that water is stored underground, none of it is lost to evaporation. This means you will use less water than if you had another type of fountain. This type of fountain is perfect if you do not have a lot of time to clean it often since neither dirt nor algae can get to it underground. Finally, due to its reduced size, it is easier to fit it where you want it than other types of fountains.

The Godfather Of Rome's Garden Fountains

In Rome’s city center, there are many celebrated water features. Almost all of them were planned, designed and constructed by one of the finest sculptors and designers of the 17th century, Gian Lorenzo Bernini. Also a city architect, he had skills as a fountain designer, and marks of his life's work are noticeable throughout the streets of Rome. To fully reveal their art, primarily in the form of community water features and water features, Bernini's father, a distinguished Florentine sculptor, mentored his young son, and they ultimately relocated in Rome. The young Bernini received encouragement from Popes and influential artists alike, and was an excellent employee. His sculpture was initially his claim to celebrity. An authority in ancient Greek architecture, he used this knowledge as a base and melded it flawlessly with Roman marble, most notably in the Vatican. He was influenced by many great artists, however, Michelangelo had the biggest impact on his work.

Big Water Wonders Across the World

Located in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, the King Fahd Fountain (1985) is the highest continually-functioning fountain in the world. Reaching incredible heights above the Red Sea, this fountain propels water 260 meters (853 feet) in the sky.

Reaching water heights of 202 meters (663 feet), the World Cup Fountain in the Han-Gang River in Seoul, Korea (2002), is recognized as the 2nd highest worldwide.

Next to the Mississippi River in St. Louis, Missouri, is the Gateway Geyser (1995) which comes in third place. With water reaching 192 meters (630 feet) in the air, this water fountain is the tallest in the U.S..

Next is the fountain located in Karachi, Pakistan (Port Fountain) which shoots water up to 190 meters (620 feet) in height.

Number 4: On a typical day the water is limited to 91 meters (300 feet) at the Fountain Park feature in Fountain Hills, Arizona, but it is capable of pushing water up to 171 meters (561 feet) when all three pumps are operating.

The Dubai Fountain made its first appearance in 2009 next to the tallest building in the world, the Burj Khalifa. Once every 1/2 hour, this fountain begins dancing to pre-recorded musical themes while shooting water 73 meters (240 feet) high. It also has extreme shooters, rarely used, which go as high as 150 meters (490 feet).

Propelling water up to 147 meters (482 feet) high, the Captain James Cook Memorial Jet (1970) in Canberra, Australia, comes in seventh.

And finally we have the Jet d'eau, in Geneva (1951) which measures 140 meters (460 feet) in height.

A Water Feature Your Feline Can Appreciate

Does hearing water run from the faucet make your cat come running? Does he test the water in his bowl with his foot or drink toilet water? Cats do not like to drink water that is not moving, and this behavior demonstrates this. As a matter of fact, they do not have a strong natural instinct to hydrate.

In the wild, cats consume meat full of moisture which keeps them adequately hydrated. This tendency eliminated any instinct felines had to find more water to drink. Owner's of a household cat, on the other hand, need to make sure their cats get adequate water because it is an essential part of their overall health.

To keep a proper water source for your pet, get it a cat fountain.

Unlimited clean water will continually be available to your pet if you get one. There are countless different styles of fountains so you can get one that your cat really likes. Some fountains are essentially a basin which refills automatically while others supply fresher water due to their continuous flow.


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