Santa Maria in Cosmedin: A Roman Water Fountain Worthy of Seeing

Both Christian and pagan relics have been found in large quantities by archaeologists and restorers searching the area of the Santa Maria in Cosmedin in Rome. The well-known marble sculpture called the Bocca della Verità (Mouth of Truth) is located in the portico of the basilica nearby. The location of the Santa Maria in Cosmedin fountain (1719) was not in a well-known neighborhood and was, therefore, not frequently visited. It was said that there was very little to see in this area because it was bleak and desolate making it an unfriendly place to visit. 144533-1901__19040.jpg It was then that the Italian architect Carlo Bizzaccheri was mandated by Pope Clement XI to build a fountain in the square outside the church of Santa Maria in Cosmedin in an effort to make the area more popular. Work on the church's infrastructure began on on August 11, 1717. Medallions bearing the imagery of the Blessed Virgin, for whom the church is named, and of St. John the Baptist, the patron saint of water, were thrown in the foundation following the consecration of the first stone.

Style Options for Backyard Water Features

If you want to chill out for a moment and get some fresh air, a garden is the perfect spot. If you are going to spend a lot of time in yours, it is worth the effort it takes to do it right. Investing in a beautiful garden is good, as it will enhance the “curb appeal” and value of your home. Experts recommend adding flowers or trees, a pavement, a charming water feature, or unique statues to enhance the overall look of your property.

A significant enhancement to your garden can be realized by putting in a water fountain. It will change a plain area into a gorgeous place of peaceful tranquility. The trickling water of your fountain will not only give you a calming retreat, it will also attract wild birds and other friendly local creatures. Before you know it, the entire garden or yard will have a new center of attention.

From Where Did Garden Water Fountains Originate from?

A fountain, an amazing piece of engineering, not only supplies drinking water as it pours into a basin, it can also launch water high into the air for a noteworthy effect.

The primary purpose of a fountain was originally strictly practical. Water fountains were connected to a spring or aqueduct to provide drinkable water as well as bathing water for cities, townships and villages. Until the late 19th, century most water fountains operated using the force of gravity to allow water to flow or jet into the air, therefore, they needed a source of water such as a reservoir or aqueduct located higher than the fountain. Fountains were an excellent source of water, and also served to decorate living areas and celebrate the designer. Roman fountains usually depicted imagery of animals or heroes made of bronze or stone masks.

Muslims and Moorish landscaping designers of the Middle Ages included fountains to re-create smaller models of the gardens of paradise. The fountains found in the Gardens of Versailles were meant to show the power over nature held by King Louis XIV of France. Seventeen and 18 century Popes sought to exalt their positions by including beautiful baroque-style fountains at the point where restored Roman aqueducts arrived into the city.

Indoor plumbing became the key source of water by the end of the 19th century thereby limiting urban fountains to mere decorative elements. The creation of special water effects and the recycling of water were 2 things made possible by swapping gravity with mechanical pumps.

Embellishing city parks, honoring people or events and entertaining, are some of the functions of modern-day fountains.

Deciding on the Ideal Place for Your Fountain

Before selecting a water fountain, carefully consider exactly where you want to put it. Any high-traffic spots such as driveways, entryways, or roundabouts are perfect spots to install one.

There are models such as wall fountains created especially to be hung against a flat surface. If you check the back, you will see a bar or some other piece to secure it against a wall, grate or fence. Such fountains are unstable on their own, therefore, be sure to affix it right away so that it does not topple over as a result of weather conditions, animals or other natural occurrences.

In communal places like parks where visitors tend to sit and take it easy for a few minutes, you will notice one other option – the garden sculpture style.

California's Garden Water Fountains Research and Results

The very first US city to pass a tax on sweet drinks was Berkley, California in February 2014. By making soda more costly, it’s hoped that people will make better choices for what their children drink, like water as an example. First, the city conducted an analysis to assess whether residents had easy access to functioning drinking water fountains. By developing a mobile GPS application, specialists were able to get data on Berkley’s drinking water fountains. This info was cross-referenced with demographic records on race and income obtained from the US Census Community Study database. Evaluations were made amongst the location and demographic data, uncovering whether class differences affected access to clean, working water fountains. They were able to uncover the demographics of locations surrounding existing fountains, as well as the cleanliness and maintenance of fountains across different communities. The fact that the fountains were operating was not a guarantee that they were well-maintained, given that quite a few were in need of maintenance and repair.


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