A Real Roman Wonder: The Santa Maria Fountain in Cosmedin

ft-209__36994.jpg Archaeologists and restorers alike have stumbled upon a treasure trove of pagan and Christian relics on the site of Santa Maria in Cosmedin in Rome. The nearby basilica is mainly for the marble sculpture known as the Bocca della Verità, (Mouth of Truth) located in its portico. Since the Santa Maria in Cosmedin fountain (1719) was situated off the beaten track, it remained relatively unknown. Since the nearby area was depressing and mostly abandoned, visitors were not particularly interested in visiting it. It was then that the Italian architect Carlo Bizzaccheri was instructed by Pope Clement XI to build a fountain in the square outside the church of Santa Maria in Cosmedin in an effort to make the area more popular. Work on the church's infrastructure commenced on on August 11, 1717. Medals bearing the images of the Blessed Virgin, for whom the church is named, and of St. John the Baptist, the patron saint of water, were thrown in the foundation following the blessing of the first rock.

"Old School" Water Feature Creative Designers

Multi-talented individuals, fountain artists from the 16th to the late 18th century typically worked as architects, sculptors, artists, engineers and cultivated scholars all in one person.

Leonardo da Vinci, a Renaissance artist, was notable as a ingenious master, inventor and scientific virtuoso. He systematically noted his experiences in his currently famed notebooks, after his enormous curiosity in the forces of nature guided him to examine the properties and movement of water. Brilliant water exhibits loaded with symbolic significance and natural charm transformed private villa settings when early Italian fountain creators paired resourcefulness with hydraulic and landscaping expertise. The humanist Pirro Ligorio, renowned for his virtuosity in archeology, architecture and garden design, offered the vision behind the splendors in Tivoli. Masterminding the excellent water marbles, water attributes and water jokes for the numerous estates near Florence, other water fountain designers were well versed in humanist themes as well as classical technical texts.

Ideas for Your Perfect Refuge Indoors or Outdoors

To attain the maximum feeling of peace and harmony, be sure to add a feng shui fountain. The best solution is to get a garden or home waterfall. The perfect complement to your decor is this type of element. Be sure to place your outdoor fountain so that it is able to be seen from inside in order to get the most out of it.

Do not forget to add plants, as they have an significant effect on the charm of a water fountain. Look for plant types that thrive throughout the year. In addition, consider incorporating other elements such as an outdoor fireplace, art, or interesting rocks.

The Story of the Magnificent Cascade Fountain at the Garden of Chatsworth

The Cascade garden fountain creates an incredible garden decoration at the rear of Chatsworth House.

For 200 yards alongside the house is a series of 24 irregularly spaced stone steps stretching all the way down the hillside. The Cascade is based on a 17th century French design and is completely gravity fed too. This water fountain has been kept unchanged after being designed for the first Duke of Devonshire in 1696. At the apex of the fountain, from which water runs downward, stands the Cascade House. A compact structure, the home is decorated on the outside with ocean creatures in bas-relief. Water pressure to the Cascade can be boosted on important occasions, meaning the Cascade House becomes part of the Cascade sight, as water spills through conduits on its roof and from the mouths of its carved marine creatures, prior to continuing straight down the Cascade. The size of every step was made slightly different and means that the sound of the water cascading varies as it descends the Cascades, offering a wonderful and soothing complement to a stroll through the gardens. In 2004, Chatsworth's Cascade was voted the best water feature in the UK.

The Effect of the Norman Invasion on Anglo-Saxon Garden Design

Anglo-Saxons encountered extraordinary modifications to their day-to-day lives in the latter half of the eleventh century due to the accession of the Normans. Architecture and horticulture were skills that the Normans excelled in, trumping that of the Anglo-Saxons at the time of the occupation. But before centering on home-life or having the occasion to contemplate domestic architecture or decoration, the Normans had to subjugate an entire society. Because of this, castles were cruder constructions than monasteries: Monasteries were usually important stone buildings set in the biggest and most fertile valleys, while castles were constructed on windy crests where their citizens devoted time and space to projects for offense and defense. Gardening, a placid occupation, was unfeasible in these fruitless fortifications. The best specimen of the early Anglo-Norman style of architecture existent in modern times is Berkeley Castle. The keep is said to date from William the Conqueror's time period. An enormous terrace encompasses the building, serving as an impediment to assailants attempting to excavate under the castle walls. One of these terraces, a charming bowling green, is covered grass and flanked by an aged yew hedge trimmed into the form of crude battlements.


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