The Genesis Of Outdoor Fountains

A water fountain is an architectural piece that pours water into a basin or jets it high into the air in order to provide drinking water, as well as for decorative purposes.

From the beginning, outdoor fountains were soley there to serve as functional elements. Water fountains were linked to a spring or aqueduct to provide drinkable water as well as bathing water for cities, townships and villages. Used until the 19th century, in order for fountains to flow or shoot up into the air, their source of water such as reservoirs or aqueducts, had to be higher than the water fountain in order to benefit from gravity. 50026ss__85502.jpg Serving as an element of adornment and celebration, fountains also generated clean, fresh drinking water. The main materials used by the Romans to create their fountains were bronze or stone masks, mostly depicting animals or heroes. Muslims and Moorish landscaping designers of the Middle Ages included fountains to re-create smaller models of the gardens of paradise. The fountains found in the Gardens of Versailles were meant to show the power over nature held by King Louis XIV of France. The Popes of the 17th and 18th centuries were glorified with baroque style fountains made to mark the place of entry of Roman aqueducts.

The end of the nineteenth century saw the rise in usage of indoor plumbing to provide drinking water, so urban fountains were relegated to purely decorative elements. Fountains using mechanical pumps instead of gravity helped fountains to deliver recycled water into living spaces as well as create unique water effects.

These days, fountains decorate public spaces and are used to pay tribute to individuals or events and fill recreational and entertainment needs.

The Major Characteristics of Ancient Greek Statues

Archaic Greeks were well known for creating the first freestanding statuary; up till then, most carvings were made out of walls and pillars as reliefs. For the most part the statues, or kouros figures, were of adolescent and desirable male or female (kore) Greeks. The kouroi, viewed by the Greeks to exemplify beauty, had one foot stretched out of a rigid forward-facing pose and the male statues were regularly undressed, with a strong, strong build.

Around 650 BC, life-size variations of the kouroi began to be seen. The Archaic period was an extraordinary time of transformation for the Greeks as they expanded into new forms of government, formed novel expressions of art, and attained information of the people and cultures outside of Greece. Conflicts like The Arcadian wars, the Spartan invasion of Samos, and other wars involving city-states are indicatory of the tumultuous nature of the time period, which was similar to other periods of historical upset. However, these conflicts did not significantly hinder the advancement of the Greek civilization.

A Genuine Roman Marvel: The Santa Maria Water Fountain in Cosmedin

Both Christian and pagan artifacts have been found in large quantities by archaeologists and restorers scouring the area of the Santa Maria in Cosmedin in Rome. The Bocca della Verità (Mouth of Truth} is a famed marble sculpture situated in the portico of the nearby basilica. Built in 1719, the Santa Maria in Cosmedin fountain was not well known and situated far from sight making it difficult to visit. The part of town where it was situated was forlorn and bleak which generally kept visitors away. It was then that the Italian architect Carlo Bizzaccheri was commissioned by Pope Clement XI to erect a fountain in the square outside the church of Santa Maria in Cosmedin in an attempt to make the area more popular. August 11, 1717 saw the start of the work to lay down the foundation of the church. The consecration of the first rock to be placed in the foundation was followed by medals being thrown in bearing the images of the Blessed Virgin, for whom the church is named, and St. John the Baptist, the patron saint of water.

How Mechanical Designs And Styles of Outdoor Spread

Instrumental to the development of scientific technology were the printed letters and illustrated publications of the time. They were also the main method of transmitting useful hydraulic facts and water fountain design ideas all through Europe. An un-named French fountain engineer was an internationally famed hydraulic innovator in the later part of the 1500's. His experience in making landscapes and grottoes with built-in and imaginative water attributes began in Italy and with mandates in Brussels, London and Germany. In France, near the end of his life, he wrote “The Principle of Moving Forces”, a book which became the primary text on hydraulic technology and engineering. Updating vital hydraulic advancements of classical antiquity, the publication also highlights modern hydraulic technologies. Prominent among these works were those of Archimedes, the inventor of the water screw, a mechanized means of moving water. Sunlight heated up the water in two hidden vessels adjacent to the decorative fountain were shown in an illustration. The heated liquid expands and then ascends and closes the water pipes consequently triggering the water feature. Yard ponds as well as pumps, water wheels, and water feature creations are included in the book.

The Plusses of Disappearing Fountains in your Garden

The other name for a disappearing fountain is a “pondless” fountain. It is referred to as “disappearing” due to the fact the water source is below ground. Disappearing fountains should be positioned near any place people hang out frequently, as they add so much to the surrounding area. It is easy to find the design that is right for you, as there are so many to pick from such as millstones, ceramic urns, waterfalls, and also those with granite columns.

There are many reasons to consider choosing a disappearing fountain. The water comes from underground and does not form a large pool above ground so any risk to those around it is reduced. Consequently, it poses no threat to children. Moreover, you will not need to be concerned about losing water to evaporation since it is kept underground. Therefore, your fountain will not use as much water as other kinds of fountains. The time needed on maintenanceis also minimized since algae does not grow underground and rubbish can not get into the water source. Lastly, it is easier to find a space for it due to its small size.


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