Contemporary Garden Decoration: Large Outdoor Water Fountains and their Beginnings

A fountain, an incredible piece of engineering, not only supplies drinking water as it pours into a basin, it can also launch water high into the air for a noteworthy effect.

From the onset, outdoor fountains were simply there to serve as functional elements. People in cities, towns and villages received their drinking water, as well as water to bathe and wash, from aqueducts or springs in the vicinity. 4303_ag__77045.jpg Up until the nineteenth, fountains had to be higher and closer to a water supply, including aqueducts and reservoirs, in order to take advantage of gravity which fed the fountains. Fountains were an excellent source of water, and also served to adorn living areas and celebrate the artist. Bronze or stone masks of wildlife and heroes were frequently seen on Roman fountains. Muslims and Moorish garden designers of the Middle Ages included fountains to re-create smaller models of the gardens of paradise. To show his dominance over nature, French King Louis XIV included fountains in the Garden of Versailles. Seventeen and 18 century Popes sought to extol their positions by including decorative baroque-style fountains at the point where restored Roman aqueducts arrived into the city.

The end of the nineteenth century saw the increase in usage of indoor plumbing to supply drinking water, so urban fountains were relegated to strictly decorative elements. Fountains using mechanical pumps instead of gravity enabled fountains to bring recycled water into living spaces as well as create special water effects.

Nowadays, fountains decorate public areas and are used to honor individuals or events and fill recreational and entertainment needs.

The Results of the Norman Invasion on Anglo Saxon Garden Design

The Anglo-Saxon way of life was considerably changed by the introduction of the Normans in the later eleventh century. The Normans were much better than the Anglo-Saxons at architecture and horticulture when they came into power.

But before centering on home-life or having the occasion to contemplate domestic architecture or decoration, the Normans had to subjugate an entire population. Monasteries and castles served separate functions, so while monasteries were large stone structures constructed in only the most productive, wide dales, castles were set upon blustery knolls where the occupants focused on learning offensive and defensive practices. The tranquil method of gardening was not viable in these dreary bastions. Berkeley Castle is perhaps the most unchanged model in existence nowadays of the early Anglo-Norman style of architecture. The keep is thought to date from the time of William the Conqueror. A big terrace intended for strolling and as a means to stop attackers from mining below the walls runs about the building. On one of these parapets is a scenic bowling green covered in grass and bordered by an aged hedge of yew that has been shaped into coarse battlements.

Things You Will Need to Have for a Garden Water Element

Two things many people ignore when planning the installation of a garden fountain is a suitable water source and an electrical outlet nearby. The thrill of owning one occasionally causes people to overlook the technical details when setting it up for the first time. Do not forget that an extension cord can be useful if your 120v power source is more than 12 feet away, as that is the typical length of power cords. You will also require a water source close by so that you can effortlessly fill your water fountain. It is difficult to move water from one place to another. The best way to fill the fountain is with a nearby garden hose.

If you have an expert on hand, you may want to consider getting a water fountain autofill with a connection to an external water line, as this would be much easier in the long run.

Agrippa's Astonishing, but Mostly Forgotten Water-Lifting Device

In 1588, Agrippa’s water-lifting invention attracted the attention and compliments of Andrea Bacci but that turned out to be one of the very last references of the technology. It could be that the Acqua Felice, the second of Rome’s early modern conduits made the device obsolete when it was linked to the Villa Medici in 1592. This is all the more heartbreaking given how impressive Camillo Agrippa’s system was, totally unique in Italy during the hundreds of years that passed between the fall of ancient Rome and the modern day period. Renaissance gardens of the late sixteenth century happened to be home to works like musical fountains, scenographic water presentations and water caprices (giochi d’acqua), but these were not outfitted with water in ways that defied gravity itself.

Archaic Greek Artistry: Large Statuary

The first freestanding statuary was developed by the Archaic Greeks, a recognized success since until then the only carvings in existence were reliefs cut into walls and columns. For the most part the statues, or kouros figures, were of young and desirable male or female (kore) Greeks. The kouroi, viewed as by the Greeks to portray beauty, had one foot stretched out of a strict forward-facing posture and the male figurines were regularly nude, with a compelling, strong physique. In around 650 BC, the variations of the kouroi became life-sized.

A substantial era of improvement for the Greeks, the Archaic period helped bring about new forms of state, expressions of art, and a greater comprehension of people and cultures outside of Greece. Still, these battles did little to hinder the progression of the Greek civilization.


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