Anglo Saxon Landscapes During the Norman Conquest

Anglo-Saxons experienced extraordinary modifications to their daily lives in the latter half of the eleventh century due to the accession of the Normans. At the time of the conquest, the Normans surpassed the Anglo-Saxons in building design and cultivation. But home life, household architecture, and decoration were out of the question until the Normans taken over the rest of the populace. 144532_5301__42507.jpg Because of this, castles were cruder buildings than monasteries: Monasteries were usually significant stone buildings set in the biggest and most fertile valleys, while castles were erected on windy crests where their inhabitants dedicated time and space to tasks for offense and defense. Tranquil pursuits such as gardening were out of place in these destitute citadels. The best specimen of the early Anglo-Norman style of architecture existent today is Berkeley Castle. The keep is rumored to have been invented during the time of William the Conqueror. A big terrace intended for strolling and as a way to stop attackers from mining below the walls runs about the building. On 1 of these terraces sits a stylish bowling green: it is covered in grass and flanked by an old yew hedge that is formed into the shape of rough ramparts.

The Pull of Multi-Tiered Water Fountains

Fountains with more than one tier are very easy to find, and popular especially in gardens. You can find a lot of these fountains in Italy, Spain, and other Southern European nations. Public squares and building courtyards are very popular places where you will see tiered fountains. While some multi-level fountains have sophisticated designs including sculptures or artwork, others are very basic.

People love to showcase them in places having a classic look and feel. If done right, anyone seeing the fountain will assume it has been there forever.

The Dissemination of Water Feature Design Innovation

Instrumental to the development of scientific technology were the published papers and illustrated publications of the time. They were also the primary means of transmitting useful hydraulic information and water fountain design ideas all through Europe. An un-named French fountain engineer was an internationally celebrated hydraulic leader in the late 1500's. With Royal mandates in Brussels, London and Germany, he started his career in Italy, acquiring experience in garden design and grottoes with built-in and ingenious water hydraulics.

The book, “The Principles of Moving Forces,” written towards the end of his lifetime in France, turned out to be the definitive text on hydraulic mechanics and engineering. Classical antiquity hydraulic discoveries were outlined as well as changes to crucial classical antiquity hydraulic advancements in the book. As a mechanized means to push water, Archimedes made the water screw, key among crucial hydraulic advancements. Sunlight heated the water in two hidden vessels adjacent to the decorative water feature were displayed in an illustration. The heated water expands and subsequently ascends and closes the water lines consequently triggering the fountain. The publication also mentions garden ponds, water wheels, water feature creations.

Outdoor Garden Fountain Designers Through History

Water fountain designers were multi-talented people from the 16th to the late 18th century, often serving as architects, sculptors, artisans, engineers and highly educated scholars all in one person. Leonardo da Vinci, a Renaissance artist, was renowned as an imaginative genius, inventor and scientific expert. He methodically noted his experiences in his currently recognized notebooks, after his mind boggling interest in the forces of nature led him to research the attributes and movement of water. Modifying private villa settings into ingenious water displays full with symbolic significance and natural wonder, early Italian water fountain creators coupled creativity with hydraulic and horticultural expertise. The humanist Pirro Ligorio offered the vision behind the splendors in Tivoli and was renowned for his abilities in archeology, architecture and garden concepts. Masterminding the phenomenal water marbles, water attributes and water pranks for the numerous mansions in the vicinity of Florence, some other fountain engineers were well versed in humanist topics and classical technical texts.

The Attraction of Container Herb Gardens

Container gardening is ideal for herbs. If you enjoy being in the kitchen area or yard, you'll probably be drawn to the world of herbs. Herbs provide immediate satisfaction as they can be used in any dish, and they are incredibly easy to grow. A couple of moments of attention every day is all that is needed to maintain an herb garden once it is planted, and planter gardens and potted herbs can be brought indoors once the fall nights begin to change, making it continue all year long. Each kind of herb has a unique growth rate, making their harvest times vary. Like all hobbies, herb gardening requires a certain amount of patience. One must tend to an herb garden faithfully, even though successes might not be noticeable on the 1st, 2nd or even 3rd day.

The Hanging Gardens of Babylon, famously one of the Seven Wonders of the World, were really just rooftop terraces filled with vegetation.

They were planned to be water-proof and positioned over a big, curved stone substructure with large storage rooms underneath. Water was brought up to the terraces by hydraulic devices and the terrace soil was profound enough to grow trees. The plants that were selected were thyme, poppy, anise, and rosemary.


The First Fountains
As originally developed, fountains were crafted to be functional, guiding water from creeks or aqueducts to the citizens of cities and villages, where the water could be utilized for cooking, washing, and drinking. To make water flow through... read more
From Where Did Large Outdoor Fountains Originate from?
Modern fountains are used to embellish community spaces, honor individuals or events, and enrich recreational and entertainment events. read more
Environmentally Friendly Wall Water Fountains
Less maintenance is a result of installing this kind of fountain. Since solar fountains don't have motors, they don't get clogged which leads to less cleaning. And since there is little cleaning to do, you will have more... read more