The Results of the Norman Conquest on Anglo-Saxon Landscaping

The Anglo-Saxon way of life was significantly changed by the arrival of the Normans in the later eleventh century. The Normans were much better than the Anglo-Saxons at architecture and horticulture when they came into power. But home life, household architecture, and decoration were out of the question until the Normans taken over the entire populace. Castles were more fundamental constructions and often built on blustery hills, where their tenants devoted both time and space to exercising offense and defense, while monasteries were considerable stone buildings, regularly situated in the widest, most fertile hollows. 50721md__16697.jpg Peaceful activities such as gardening were out of place in these desolate citadels. Berkeley Castle, perhaps the most unspoiled style of the early Anglo-Norman style of architecture, still exists now. The keep is reported to have been invented during the time of William the Conqueror. A significant terrace serves as a discouraging factor to invaders who would try to mine the walls of the building. One of these terraces, a charming bowling green, is covered grass and flanked by an old yew hedge cut into the form of crude battlements.

Caring For Outdoor Wall Fountains

An important first step before installing any outdoor wall feature is to consider the area you have available. In order to hold up its total weight, a solid wall is needed. Therefore for smaller areas or walls, a more lightweight feature is going to be more suitable.

You will need to have an electrical plug in proximity to the fountain so it can be powered. Whatever the style of outdoor wall fountain you buy, they typically come with easy to understand, step-by-step instructions.

Generally, when you purchase an outdoor wall fountain, it will come in an easy-to-use kit that will include all the information needed to install it properly. A submersible pump, hoses and basin, or reservoir, are provided in the kit. The basin, if it's not too large, can easily be concealedin your garden among the plants. Other than the regular cleaning, little maintenance is required once your outdoor wall fountain is fitted.

It is necessary to replenish the water routinely so that it remains clean. It is important to quickly clear away debris such as leaves, twigs or other dreck. Protecting your outdoor wall fountain from the freezing winter climate is vital. In order to avoid any damage, such as cracking, from freezing water during the cold winter months, move your pump indoors. Simply put, your outdoor fountain will be a part of your life for many years to come with the proper care and maintenance.

Recommendations for Installing a Garden Water Element

Two things many people ignore when planning the installation of a garden fountain is a convenient water source and an electrical outlet close by. The delight of owning one occasionally causes people to skip the technical aspects when setting it up for the first time.

Do not forget that an extension cord can be helpful if your 120v power source is more than 12 feet away, as that is the normal length of power cords. You will need to replenish your fountain with water so make sure there is a source of water in the area. Water is challenging to move by yourself from place to place. If you have given thought to it before installation, having a hose close by will make the job of filling the fountain much simpler. A water fountain autofill is yet another solution, but will require the help of someone who knows how to set it up since the water has to go through an external line.

The Original Fountain Manufacturers

Commonly working as architects, sculptors, artists, engineers and discerning scholars, all in one, fountain designers were multi-faceted individuals from the 16th to the later part of the 18th century. Leonardo da Vinci, a Renaissance artist, was notable as a imaginative intellect, inventor and scientific expert. With his tremendous fascination about the forces of nature, he examined the attributes and mobility of water and also carefully recorded his observations in his now recognized notebooks. Combining inventiveness with hydraulic and gardening mastery, early Italian fountain engineers modified private villa settings into brilliant water exhibits complete of symbolic meaning and natural wonder. The humanist Pirro Ligorio, renowned for his virtuosity in archeology, architecture and garden design, offered the vision behind the splendors in Tivoli. Well versed in humanistic topics as well as ancient scientific texts, some other water fountain designers were masterminding the excellent water marbles, water attributes and water pranks for the various lands near Florence.

Gian Bernini's Outdoor Fountains

There are countless celebrated water fountains in Rome’s city center.

Gian Lorenzo Bernini, one of the most brilliant sculptors and artists of the 17th century designed, created and produced almost all of them. Also a city designer, he had capabilities as a water feature developer, and marks of his life's work are apparent throughout the streets of Rome. Bernini's father, a recognized Florentine sculptor, guided his young son, and they finally relocated in Rome, to fully show their artwork in the form of community water features and water fountains. An exemplary workman, Bernin earned encouragement and the patronage of popes and well known painters. He was initially celebrated for his sculpture. Most famously in the Vatican, he made use of a base of expertise in historical Greek architecture and melded it seamlessly with Roman marble. Though he was influenced by many, Michelangelo had the most profound impact on him, both personally and professionally.


Ancient Garden Fountain Designers
Water feature designers were multi-talented individuals from the 16th to the late 18th century, often serving as architects, sculptors, artisans, engineers and highly educated scholars all in one. Leonardo da Vinci, a... read more
California's Garden Fountain Research and Results
The first implementation of a soda tax in the USA came in February 2014, when it was passed by the city of Berkley, California. By taxing sugary drinks, the city hopes to encourage more people to select healthier options, such as water. ... read more
Water Delivery Strategies in Historic Rome
With the development of the first elevated aqueduct in Rome, the Aqua Anio Vetus in 273 BC, individuals who lived on the city’s foothills no longer had to depend only on naturally-occurring spring water for their demands. Outside of... read more
Aspects of Garden Statuary in Archaic Greece
Archaic Greeks were renowned for developing the first freestanding statuary; up till then, most carvings were constructed out of walls and pillars as reliefs. Most of these freestanding sculptures were what is known as... read more