The Results of the Norman Invasion on Anglo-Saxon Landscaping

The advent of the Normans in the later half of the eleventh century significantly altered The Anglo-Saxon ways of living. The talent of the Normans exceeded the Anglo-Saxons' in architecture and agriculture at the time of the conquest. a-494__26767.jpg Nonetheless the Normans had to pacify the entire territory before they could focus on home life, domestic architecture, and decoration. Castles were more standard constructions and often constructed on blustery hills, where their tenants spent both time and space to practicing offense and defense, while monasteries were considerable stone buildings, commonly situated in the widest, most fertile hollows. Gardening, a peaceful occupation, was unfeasible in these fruitless fortifications. Berkeley Castle, perhaps the most uncorrupted model of the early Anglo-Norman style of architecture, still exists today. The keep is said to date from William the Conqueror's time. A massive terrace serves as a deterrent to invaders who would attempt to mine the walls of the building. On one of these parapets is a scenic bowling green covered in grass and bordered by an aged hedge of yew that has been shaped into coarse battlements.

The Origins Of Outdoor Fountains

A water fountain is an architectural piece that pours water into a basin or jets it high into the air in order to provide drinking water, as well as for decorative purposes.

From the onset, outdoor fountains were soley there to serve as functional elements. Water fountains were connected to a spring or aqueduct to supply potable water as well as bathing water for cities, townships and villages. Up to the late 19th century, water fountains had to be near an aqueduct or reservoir and higher than the fountain so that gravity could make the water flow down or shoot high into the air. Fountains were an excellent source of water, and also served to adorn living areas and celebrate the designer. The main components used by the Romans to build their fountains were bronze or stone masks, mostly depicting animals or heroes. During the Middle Ages, Muslim and Moorish garden designers included fountains in their designs to re-create the gardens of paradise. The fountains found in the Gardens of Versailles were supposed to show the power over nature held by King Louis XIV of France. The Popes of the 17th and 18th centuries were glorified with baroque style fountains made to mark the arrival points of Roman aqueducts.

The end of the 19th century saw the increase in usage of indoor plumbing to supply drinking water, so urban fountains were relegated to strictly decorative elements. Fountains using mechanical pumps instead of gravity enabled fountains to provide recycled water into living spaces as well as create special water effects.

Modern-day fountains serve mostly as decoration for open spaces, to honor individuals or events, and enhance entertainment and recreational activities.

Design Variations for Exterior Fountains

When you want to chill out for a bit and get some fresh air, a garden is the perfect spot. There is nothing as lovely as one to chill out in, something you can keep in mind when you are working to get it set up. The value of your home will increase with a lovely garden area, as it will maximize the “curb appeal” of the property. There are many ways to improve the visual charm of a yard, like adding flowers and plants, artwork, an attractive pavement, or a water feature.

A water fountain can dramatically change the aesthetics of a garden. A place of tranquility and serenity will appear from what was originally just a plain spot. The mood of your garden will be very different once you install a water fountain, as the calming sounds of the water will create an oasis for you as well as for the friendly birds and animals it will attract. All attention will now be focused on the beautiful fountain.

Ancient Crete & The Minoans: Water Features

Archaeological excavations in Minoan Crete in Greece have discovered some kinds of channels. These were utilized to furnish towns and cities with water as well as to minimize flooding and remove waste material. The majority were prepared from clay or even stone. When clay was made use of, it was frequently for channels as well as water pipes which came in rectangular or round forms. There are two illustrations of Minoan terracotta pipes, those with a shortened cone shape and a U-shape that haven’t been caught in any society ever since. Terracotta pipes were put down under the floor surfaces at Knossos Palace and used to circulate water.

Along with dispersing water, the terracotta water pipes of the Minoans were also utilized to gather water and accumulate it. To make this feasible, the piping had to be designed to handle: Below ground Water Transportation: Originally this technique would seem to have been created not for ease but rather to offer water to specific individuals or rituals without it being seen. Quality Water Transportation: Bearing in mind the indicators, several historians advocate that these pipelines were not connected to the common water delivery system, offering the residence with water from a distinctive source.

Use a Garden Fountain To Help Boost Air Quality

You can liven up your environment by adding an indoor wall fountain. Installing this type of indoor feature positively affects your senses and your general health. The science behind the idea that water fountains can be beneficial for you is irrefutable. The negative ions emitted by water features are offset by the positive ions released by contemporary conveniences. The negative ions generated by these kinds of water features overtake the positive ones ending in positive changes to both your mental and physical health. The higher serotonin levels resulting from these types of features make people more attentive, serene and energized. The negative ions emitted by indoor wall fountains foster a better mood as well as remove air impurities from your home. They also help to eliminate allergies, pollutants as well as other types of irritants.

Lastly, the dust particles and micro-organisms floating in the air inside your house are absorbed by water fountains leading to better overall health.


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