The Father Of Rome's Water Fountain Design And Style

There are many celebrated water features in Rome’s city center. One of the best ever sculptors and artists of the 17th century, virtually all of them were designed, conceptualized and built by Gian Lorenzo Bernini. Marks of his life's efforts are obvious throughout the avenues of Rome simply because, in addition to his capabilities as a water fountain designer, he was also a city architect. be_120_art__90334.jpg A famous Florentine sculptor, Bernini's father mentored his young son, and they ultimately moved to Rome to totally express their art, chiefly in the form of public water features and water fountains. An exemplary workman, Bernin received encouragement and the the backing of popes and well known artists. At the beginning he was known for his sculptural expertise. Most notably in the Vatican, he used a base of knowledge in classic Greek architecture and melded it flawlessly with Roman marble. Though many artists impacted his artistic endeavors, Michelangelo influenced him the most.

Ways Feng Shui Turn Your Yard into Place to Relax

Feel the health benefits of feng shui by introducing its design elements into your yard.

When introducing feng shui design into your gardden, even a very small space works. If you have a lavish, eye-catching one, that is great, but even a smaller area works well with feng shui design.

Feng shui tools are the same whether you are working in your garden or your house. Your yard's bagua, or energy map, is an off-shoot of your home’s bagua, so it is important to determine your home’s first.

In order to make the most of feng shui, it is crucial to start by understanding how to bolster each of its five elements.

Feng shui design calls for the Earth element, for example, to be incorporated into the northeastern corner of your garden, as that section connects to self-cultivation and personal improvement energy. This could be the perfect place to put a meditative Zen garden with some attractive stones because these represent the Earth element in feng shui.

Give some thought to introducing a water feature into these feng shui areas: East (health & family), North (career & path in life), or Southeast (money and abundance).

The Main Characteristics of Classic Greek Sculpture

The primitive Greeks built the first freestanding statuary, an amazing achievement as most sculptures up until then had been reliefs cut into walls and pillars. Most of the freestanding statues were of youthful, winsome male or female (kore) Greeks and are referred to as kouros figures. Regarded as by Greeks to characterize skin care, the kouroi were structured into inflexible, forward facing poses with one foot outstretched, and the male statues were usually nude, muscular, and fit. Around 650 BC, life-size versions of the kouroi began to be observed.

The Archaic period was turbulent for the Greeks as they progressed into more polished forms of federal government and art, and gained more information about the peoples and civilizations outside of Greece. And yet these disagreements did not stop the growth of the Greek civilization. {

The Wondrous Santa Maria in Cosmedin Fountain in Rome

Archaeologists and restorers alike have stumbled upon a wealth of heathen and Christian artifacts on the grounds of Santa Maria in Cosmedin in Rome. The famed marble sculpture known as the Bocca della Verità (Mouth of Truth) can be seen in the portico of the basilica nearby. When the Santa Maria in Cosmedin water fountain was created in 1719, it was off the beaten track and mostly unknown as a result. It was said that there was nothing worth seeing in this area, as it was bleak and abandoned making it an unfriendly place to visit. In order to modernize the square outside the church of Santa Maria in Cosmedin, Pope Clement XI commissioned an Italian architect by the name of Carlo Bizzaccheri to design a fountain for the area. The task of laying down the church’s first stones began on August 17, 1717. The consecration of the first rock to be placed in the foundation was followed by medals being tossed in showing the images of the Blessed Virgin, for whom the church is named, and St. John the Baptist, the patron saint of water.

Modern Garden Decor: Garden Fountains and their Beginnings

The dramatic or ornamental effect of a fountain is just one of the purposes it fulfills, as well as providing drinking water and adding a decorative touch to your property.

The main purpose of a fountain was originally strictly functional. People in cities, towns and villages received their drinking water, as well as water to bathe and wash, via aqueducts or springs in the vicinity. Up until the 19th century, fountains had to be higher and closer to a water supply, such as aqueducts and reservoirs, in order to take advantage of gravity which fed the fountains. Fountains were an excellent source of water, and also served to adorn living areas and celebrate the designer. The main materials used by the Romans to build their fountains were bronze or stone masks, mostly depicting animals or heroes. Muslims and Moorish landscaping designers of the Middle Ages included fountains to re-create smaller models of the gardens of paradise. King Louis XIV of France wanted to demonstrate his superiority over nature by including fountains in the Gardens of Versailles. Seventeen and 18 century Popes sought to extol their positions by including beautiful baroque-style fountains at the point where restored Roman aqueducts arrived into the city.

Indoor plumbing became the key source of water by the end of the 19th century thereby restricting urban fountains to mere decorative elements. The introduction of unique water effects and the recycling of water were 2 things made possible by swapping gravity with mechanical pumps.

Modern-day fountains serve mostly as decoration for public spaces, to honor individuals or events, and enhance entertainment and recreational events.


Installation and Maintenance of Large Outdoor Fountains
Replace the water frequently so it is always clean. Remember to remove debris like leaves, twigs or dirt as fast as possible. Safeguarding your outdoor wall fountain from the cold winter weather is vital. Your pump may split when subjected... read more
The Favorable Effects of Water Features on Your Pets and Flying Visitors
Dogs like fountains as they provide another place to drink fresh water. Hot days drive dogs and cats to anxiously look for the freshest water nearby. Also, routinely flowing water fountains require less upkeep than the still water of a... read more
Your Favorite Feline and Water Elements They Can Enjoy
It will have plenty of clean water if you put one in your yard. You can choose one you know your cat will like since they come in so many unique versions. One type of fountain has continually flowing water for maximum freshness... read more