Outdoor Fountains: The Minoan Society

Fountains and Water and the Minoan Civilization These were applied to supply urban centers with water as well as to lessen flooding and eliminate waste. They were for the most part built from clay or rock. Terracotta was utilized for canals and pipelines, both rectangle-shaped and circular. The cone-like and U-shaped clay piping which were discovered haven’t been detected in any other society. pd-190__90567.jpg Clay piping were employed to administer water at Knossos Palace, running up to three meters under the floor surfaces. Along with distributing water, the terracotta water pipes of the Minoans were also used to gather water and store it. To make this feasible, the piping had to be fashioned to handle: Underground Water Transportation: At first this process seems to have been designed not quite for convenience but to supply water for certain individuals or rituals without it being noticed. Quality Water Transportation: Given the data, several scholars propose that these water lines were not hooked up to the popular water allocation system, offering the residence with water from a various source.

Tall Water Displays Across the World

Known as the King Fahd Fountain (1985) found in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, it is the highest continuously operating fountain in the world. The water reaches the astonishing height of 260 meters (853 feet) over the Red Sea.

The Han-Gang River in Seoul, Korea (2002), comes in second with water levels of 202 meters (663 feet).

Located next to the Mississippi River in St. Louis, Missouri, is third placed Gateway Geyser (1995). With water reaching 192 meters (630 feet) in the air, this fountain is the tallest in the United States.

The next on the list is Port Fountain located in Karachi, Pakistan which shoots water 190 meters (620 feet) into the heavens.

Fountain Park in Fountain Hills, Arizona is number 4: it can jet water 171 meters (561 feet) high when the three pumps function at full capacity, it is usually limited to 91 meters (300 feet).

The Dubai Fountain made its first appearance in 2009 close to the tallest building in the world, the Burj Khalifa. It dances to pre-recorded music every half hour and propels water to the height of 73 meters (240 feet) - it also has extreme shooters which reach 150 meters (490 feet), though these are only used on special occasions.

Number 7 is the Captain James Cook Memorial Jet in Canberra, finished in 1970, propelling water 147 meters (482 feet) high.

And finally comes the Jet d'eau, in Geneva (1951) which measures 140 meters (460 feet) in height.

Deciding on the Perfect Spot for Your Water Element

One of the first things to ponder when choosing a water fountain is exactly where you plan to put it. The entryway to a hotel or building is an ideal spot for them, as they offer a lovely welcome to visitors.

It is also possible to purchase a fountain made especially to be mounted against a wall. Typically, they have something on the back of them like a hook or a bar with which you can use to secure them to a wall, post, or some other secure place. Since the top part of your fountain is unstable on its own, make certain that it is secure against a wall to avoid damage caused by strong winds, wild animals, or other natural dangers.

The garden sculpture style, yet another possibility, is ideal for parks or any place people tend to hang out to enjoy the fresh air and scenery.

The Latest Addition to the Gardens of Chatsworth: "Revelation" Fountain

Angela Conner, the well-known British sculptor, fashioned “Revelation,” the latest acquisition to the appealing exterior fountains of Chatsworth. The now deceased 11th Duke of Devonshire mandated her, due to her work in brass and steel, to produce a limited edition bust of Queen Elizabeth in celebration of the Queen’s 80th birthday bash. Jack Pond, one of Chatsworth’s oldest ponds, had “Revelation” installed in 1999. The four big metallic petals close and open with the movement of water, alternately camouflaging and showing a golden globe at the sculpture’s heart. A steel globe painted with gold dust was incorporated in the sculpture, which stands five meters in height and five meters in width. The flower petals move depending on the movement of water, making this installation an interesting addition to the Chatsworth Garden grounds.

Modern Garden Decoration: Garden Fountains and their Roots

A fountain, an amazing piece of engineering, not only supplies drinking water as it pours into a basin, it can also propel water high into the air for a noteworthy effect.

The main purpose of a fountain was originally strictly functional. Water fountains were linked to a spring or aqueduct to supply potable water as well as bathing water for cities, townships and villages. Up until the nineteenth, fountains had to be higher and closer to a water source, including aqueducts and reservoirs, in order to take advantage of gravity which fed the fountains. Serving as an element of adornment and celebration, fountains also generated clean, fresh drinking water. Roman fountains usually depicted imagery of animals or heroes made of metal or stone masks. During the Middle Ages, Muslim and Moorish garden designers included fountains in their designs to mimic the gardens of paradise. The fountains found in the Gardens of Versailles were intended to show the power over nature held by King Louis XIV of France. Seventeen and 18 century Popes sought to extol their positions by adding beautiful baroque-style fountains at the point where restored Roman aqueducts arrived into the city.

Since indoor plumbing became the norm of the day for clean, drinking water, by the end of the 19th century urban fountains were no longer needed for this purpose and they became purely decorative. The introduction of unique water effects and the recycling of water were 2 things made possible by replacing gravity with mechanical pumps.

Modern-day fountains serve mostly as decoration for community spaces, to honor individuals or events, and enhance entertainment and recreational activities.


The Early Society: Outdoor Fountains
On the Greek island of Crete, digs have discovered conduits of multiple varieties. They were used for water supply as well as removal of storm... read more
The World’s Most Impressive Water Fountains
And finally comes the Jet d'eau, in Geneva (1951) which measures 140 meters (460 feet) in height. read more