A Fabulous Example of Roman Know-How: The Santa Maria in Cosmedin Fountain

Archaeologists and restorers on the lookout for pagan and Christian antiquities in Rome have stumbled upon an abundance of them in the area of the Santa Maria in Cosmedin. Situated in the portico of the nearby basilica one can find the famous marble sculpture known as the Bocca della Verità (Mouth of Truth). a-279__75325.jpg When the Santa Maria in Cosmedin fountain was created in 1719, it was off the beaten track and generally unknown as a result. Since the nearby area was gloomy and mostly abandoned, visitors were not particularly interested in visiting it. It was a this time that Pope Clement XI commissioned the Italian architect Carlo Bizzaccheri to put up a fountain to modernize the square outside the church of Santa Maria in Cosmedin. August 11, 1717 saw the beginning of the task to lay down the foundation of the church. After blessing of the first stone, medallions with the illustration of the Blessed Virgin, for whom the church is named, and of St. John the Baptist, the patron saint of water, were tossed into the foundation.

The Results of the Norman Conquest on Anglo Saxon Gardens

The arrival of the Normans in the second half of the eleventh century irreparably improved The Anglo-Saxon lifestyle. The skill of the Normans surpassed the Anglo-Saxons' in design and agriculture at the time of the conquest. But the Normans had to pacify the whole territory before they could focus on home life, domestic architecture, and decoration. Monasteries and castles served different purposes, so while monasteries were massive stone structures assembled in only the most fruitful, wide dales, castles were set upon blustery knolls where the occupants focused on understanding offensive and defensive practices. The sterile fortresses did not provide for the peaceful avocation of gardening. The early Anglo-Norman style of architecture is represented in Berkeley Castle, which is most likely the most unscathed example we have. The keep is reported to have been created during the time of William the Conqueror. A spacious terrace intended for walking and as a means to stop enemies from mining below the walls runs around the building. A picturesque bowling green, enveloped in grass and bordered by battlements cut out of an ancient yew hedge, creates one of the terraces.

Attributes of Garden Statuary in Archaic Greece

The primitive Greeks developed the 1st freestanding statuary, an amazing achievement as most sculptures up until then had been reliefs cut into walls and pillars.

Most of the freestanding statues were of young, winsome male or female (kore) Greeks and are known as kouros figures. The kouroi, viewed by the Greeks to portray beauty, had one foot extended out of a fixed forward-facing pose and the male statues were regularly undressed, with a compelling, powerful shape. In about 650 BC, the differences of the kouroi became life-sized. A significant period of modification for the Greeks, the Archaic period brought about more forms of state, expressions of artwork, and a greater comprehension of people and customs outside of Greece. Conflicts like The Arcadian wars, the Spartan invasion of Samos, and other wars between city-states are indicatory of the disruptive nature of the time period, which was similar to other periods of historical upset. However, these conflicts did not significantly hinder the advancement of the Greek civilization.

Set up and Enjoy Your Personal Pond Fountain

When envisioning a fountain, most people first think of the artfully sculpted ones found adorning beautiful homes, parks, public buildings, etc. They are more adaptable than people realize, however, and do not need a mansion or public place to look at home. Your very own flower garden or yard can be a ideal spot for a pond fountain.

Two key benefits can result from setting up one of your own. To begin with, fountains add beauty and help everyone unwind. What better way to wind down than to listen to the trickle of water and experience its beauty. A bit of style and charm will also be added to the atmosphere. What’s more, your lovely fountain will fascinate your guests and you will find your parties more enjoyable.

Secondly, the fish in your pond will have healthier water if you install this kind of water feature. Fish require water that is circulating and aerated, and pond fountains provide both. The constant motion of the water and the better oxygen levels will make sure your fish stay healthy. Your flowers will be grateful as well.

Spruce up Your Garden with the Use of Feng Shui

When applied to your yard, feng shui design will bring its healthful energy into your home as well.

When introducing feng shui design into your gardden, even a very small space works.

If you have a lush, beautiful one, that is great, but even a small area works well with feng shui design.

Whether you are adding feng shui design to your home or garden, the methods are the same. The initial step is to understand the bagua, or energy map, of your home, as your garden’s bagua will be an extension of that.

There are five elements in feng shui theory, and you should learn how to utilize each of them to intensify the energy.

The Earth element, for example, should be positioned in the northeast part of your garden which is linked to the personal growth and self-cultivation energy in feng shui design. Since rocks epitomize the Earth element in feng shui, you might think about putting some into a serene Zen garden in the northeast corner of your yard.

Think about integrating a water feature into these feng shui areas: East (health & family), North (career & path in life), or Southeast (money and abundance).


Water Fountain Designers Through History
Multi-talented individuals, fountain designers from the 16th to the late 18th century typically served as architects, sculptors, artists, engineers and cultivated scholars all in one. ... read more
Gian Bernini's Garden Fountains
There are many popular fountains in the city center of Rome. One of the most distinguished sculptors and designers of the 17th century, Gian Lorenzo Bernini designed, created and constructed... read more
Garden Fountains: The Minoan Culture
Various sorts of conduits have been discovered through archaeological digs on the isle of Crete, the cradle of Minoan society. In combination with delivering water, they dispersed water which amassed... read more
The Early Culture: Garden Fountains
Fountains and Water and the Minoan Civilization They not solely aided with the water supplies, they extracted rainwater and wastewater as well. ... read more