Aqueducts: The Answer to Rome's Water Challenges

Rome’s first elevated aqueduct, Aqua Anio Vetus, was built in 273 BC; before that, residents living at higher elevations had to depend on natural streams for their water. Over this time period, there were only 2 other systems capable of delivering water to elevated areas, subterranean wells and cisterns, which amassed rainwater. In the early sixteenth century, the city began to utilize the water that ran beneath the earth through Acqua Vergine to furnish drinking water to Pincian Hill. The aqueduct’s channel was made reachable by pozzi, or manholes, that were installed along its length when it was first created. a-353__48549.jpg The manholes made it more straightforward to clean the channel, but it was also possible to use buckets to pull water from the aqueduct, as we saw with Cardinal Marcello Crescenzi when he possessed the property from 1543 to 1552, the year he passed away. He didn’t get sufficient water from the cistern that he had manufactured on his residential property to collect rainwater. Through an orifice to the aqueduct that flowed below his property, he was set to meet his water wants.

The Genesis Of Wall Fountains

A fountain, an amazing piece of engineering, not only supplies drinking water as it pours into a basin, it can also launch water high into the air for a noteworthy effect.

Pure functionality was the original role of fountains. Water fountains were linked to a spring or aqueduct to supply potable water as well as bathing water for cities, townships and villages. Up until the 19th century, fountains had to be higher and closer to a water source, including aqueducts and reservoirs, in order to take advantage of gravity which fed the fountains. Serving as an element of adornment and celebration, fountains also supplied clean, fresh drinking water.

Bronze or stone masks of animals and heroes were frequently seen on Roman fountains. Muslims and Moorish landscaping designers of the Middle Ages included fountains to re-create smaller versions of the gardens of paradise. Fountains enjoyed a considerable role in the Gardens of Versailles, all part of French King Louis XIV’s desire to exercise his power over nature. To mark the entrance of the restored Roman aqueducts, the Popes of the 17th and 18th centuries commissioned the building of baroque style fountains in the spot where the aqueducts arrived in the city of Rome

Since indoor plumbing became the standard of the day for clean, drinking water, by the end of the 19th century urban fountains were no longer needed for this purpose and they became purely ornamental. The introduction of special water effects and the recycling of water were two things made possible by replacing gravity with mechanical pumps.

Modern fountains are used to embellish public spaces, honor individuals or events, and enhance recreational and entertainment events.

Free Drinking Fountains in Berkley, Ca

Berkley, CA residents voted for a sugar-sweetened beverages tax in February 2014, the earliest of its kind in the United States. By taxing sugary drinks, the city hopes to inspire more people to decide on healthier choices, such as water. The aim of the research was to evaluate the state of community drinking water fountains and figure out if there is a distinction in access to fresh, operating drinking fountains based on racial or economic components. Facts on the city’s drinking water fountains were gathered using a GPS created exclusively for the research. Investigators then used US Census data to find out more about the economic and racial elements that influenced the city. By cross-referencing the water fountain sites with the demographic data, they were in a position to establish whether access to functioning fountains was class reliant.

Each water fountain and the demographics of its bordering area were analyzed to reveal whether the location of the fountains or their level of maintenance exhibited any relationship to income, race, or other points. The tidiness of many fountains was found lacking, even if most were operating.

Enliven Your Daily Life with a Water Feature

Having a fountain around can enhance your day-to-day life as the soothing sound of the water provides a sense of tranquility, and the movement of the water serves to clean and moisten the air.

You might be surprised to learn of all the advantages of being around an indoor or outdoor garden fountain. Water makes up a large portion of our body constitution, and populations world-wide tend to gravitate towards coastal areas. Water is vital for life, and a water feature can provide the benefits of water in a convenient and affordable way.

The installation of an outdoor garden fountain to any porch, terrace, or veranda will make a huge difference to your enjoyment of the space. Even if you are already happy with your outdoor area, the introduction of one of the many outdoor fountains available will make you love it even more. It can be mounted on the outside wall of your house above the patio, or even on the interior wall of a screened porch. Add beauty and the lovely music of babbling water to your flower bed with a tiered model. The flow of the water in birdbath fountains, as compared to still water, means that bacteria and algae will not accumulate in the water, making for fresher water for wild birds. The mesmerizing sound of trickling water is the secret touch your garden area needs to become a haven of peace.

How Mechanical Designs And Styles of Water Fountains Spread

The published documents and illustrated books of the day contributed to the advancements of scientific technology, and were the primary methods of spreading practical hydraulic facts and water fountain ideas throughout Europe.

In the late 1500's, a French fountain developer (whose name has been lost) was the internationally renowned hydraulics pioneer. His expertise in developing gardens and grottoes with incorporated and imaginative water features began in Italy and with commissions in Brussels, London and Germany. “The Principles of Moving Forces”, a guide which became the essential book on hydraulic technology and engineering, was written by him towards the end of his lifetime in France. The publication updated important hydraulic discoveries since classical antiquity as well as detailing modern day hydraulic technologies. Dominant among these works were those of Archimedes, the inventor of the water screw, a mechanical way of transferring water. Natural light heated the water in two undetectable vessels adjoining to the ornamental water feature were displayed in an illustration. The heated liquid expands and then ascends and closes the water pipes thereby activating the fountain. Pumps, water wheels, water attributes and backyard pond styles are included in the text.


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