"Primitive" Greek Art: Garden Statuary

The first freestanding sculpture was developed by the Archaic Greeks, a recognized achievement since until then the only carvings in existence were reliefs cut into walls and columns. Most of these freestanding sculptures were what is known as kouros figures, statues of young, attractive male or female (kore) Greeks. ft-0124__86809.jpg Thought of by Greeks to represent skin care, the kouroi were shaped into firm, forward facing positions with one foot outstretched, and the male statues were always nude, muscular, and athletic. In about 650 BC, the variations of the kouroi became life-sized. The Archaic period was an incredible time of transformation for the Greeks as they grew into new forms of government, formed fresh expressions of art, and achieved insights of the men and women and cultures outside of Greece. Notwithstanding, these battles did little to hinder the development of the Greek civilization.

Backyard Fountains: The Myriad Designs From Which to Choose

When you want to chill out for a minute and get some fresh air, a garden is the perfect place. While it is not a simple undertaking to build one, you will be glad you did once you are able to relax and enjoy it. Investing in a gorgeous garden is good, as it will increase the “curb appeal” and value of your home. Experts suggest adding flowers or trees, a pavement, a lovely water feature, or unique statues to enhance the overall look of your property.

A significant improvement to your garden can be achieved by installing a water fountain. Where you once had a plain area, you will now have an outdoor wonderland. The sounds of a water fountain make for a calming environment, not just for people but for the birds and other local wildlife that it will entice. Before you know it, the whole garden or yard will have a new focal point.

Agrippa’s Splendid Water-lifting Gadget

Though the mechanism developed by Agrippa for carrying water earned the respect of Andrea Bacci in 1588, it appeared to disappear not very long after. It might have become dated once the Villa Medici was set to get water from the Acqua Felice, the early modern channel, in 1592. Though its glory was passing, Camillo Agrippa’s concept for raising water was the marvel of its day, exceeding everything created in Italy since the days of ancient Rome. Although there were various other worthwhile water-driven concepts either projected or built during the latter part of the sixteenth century, like scenographic water exhibits, giochi d’acqua or water caprices, and melodious water fountains, not one was nourished by water like Agrippa’s technology.

Anglo-Saxon Grounds During the Norman Conquest

The Anglo-Saxon way of life was considerably changed by the introduction of the Normans in the later eleventh century. The Normans were better than the Anglo-Saxons at architecture and horticulture when they came into power. But the Normans had to pacify the whole territory before they could focus on home life, domestic architecture, and decoration. Because of this, castles were cruder structures than monasteries: Monasteries were usually immense stone buildings located in the biggest and most fecund valleys, while castles were constructed on windy crests where their citizens devoted time and space to projects for offense and defense. The calm practice of gardening was unlikely in these dreary bastions. The best specimen of the early Anglo-Norman style of architecture existent today is Berkeley Castle. It is said that the keep was developed during William the Conqueror's time. An enormous terrace encompasses the building, serving as an obstruction to attackers wanting to excavate under the castle walls. On one of these parapets is a picturesque bowling green covered in grass and surrounded by an aged hedge of yew that has been shaped into coarse battlements.

Early Water Supply Solutions in Rome

Prior to 273, when the very first elevated aqueduct, Aqua Anio Vetus, was constructed in Rome, inhabitants who lived on hills had to travel even further down to collect their water from natural sources. Outside of these aqueducts and springs, wells and rainwater-collecting cisterns were the lone technological innovations available at the time to supply water to segments of higher elevation.

To offer water to Pincian Hill in the early sixteenth century, they employed the brand-new tactic of redirecting the movement from the Acqua Vergine aqueduct’s underground channel. As originally constructed, the aqueduct was provided along the length of its channel with pozzi (manholes) constructed at regular intervals. During the some nine years he owned the residence, from 1543 to 1552, Cardinal Marcello Crescenzi employed these manholes to take water from the network in containers, though they were initially designed for the function of cleaning and maintenance the aqueduct. He didn’t get enough water from the cistern that he had established on his residential property to gather rainwater. Through an opening to the aqueduct that ran under his property, he was able to meet his water wants.


Introduce the Benefit of Feng Shui into Your Yard
Consider incorporating a water feature into these feng shui areas: East (health & family), North (career & path in life), or Southeast (money and abundance). read more
Style Options for Garden Water Fountains
A water fountain can significantly alter the aesthetics of a garden. It will transform a plain area into a beautiful place of peaceful... read more