Creators of the First Outdoor Fountains

a-574__32367.jpg Multi-talented individuals, fountain artists from the 16th to the late 18th century typically served as architects, sculptors, artists, engineers and cultivated scholars all in one. During the Renaissance, Leonardo da Vinci exemplified the artist as a imaginative intellect, inventor and scientific specialist. He methodically captured his experiences in his currently famed notebooks, following his tremendous curiosity in the forces of nature inspired him to research the qualities and movement of water. Coupling creativity with hydraulic and horticultural talent, early Italian water fountain engineers transformed private villa settings into ingenious water displays full of symbolic implications and natural elegance. The humanist Pirro Ligorio, distinguished for his virtuosity in archeology, architecture and garden design, provided the vision behind the wonders in Tivoli. For the various lands near Florence, other water feature designers were well versed in humanistic subjects as well as classical technical texts, masterminding the phenomenal water marbles, water attributes and water antics.

Wall Water Fountains: So Many Choices Available to You

When you are limited on space, a garden wall fountain is an ideal answer. These decorative pieces are simple to install on any wall surface and do not take up a a great deal of room. There are so many different price ranges and models so that everyone can find their most appropriate fit. Additionally, you can find either colorful or simple ones that come in a range of sizes. These beautiful water fountains are also common with anyone looking to add some pizzazz to their outdoor decor. Several fountains can be placed on the same wall if there is sufficient room as this will amplify the sounds of a waterfall.

When it comes time to selecting a garden fountain, there are loads of choices available. Which one to buy and where to install it are the initial decisions you want to make.

Rome’s Ingenious Water Transport Systems

Rome’s very first elevated aqueduct, Aqua Anio Vetus, was built in 273 BC; before that, citizens living at higher elevations had to rely on natural streams for their water. If residents living at higher elevations did not have accessibility to springs or the aqueduct, they’d have to depend on the remaining existing systems of the day, cisterns that gathered rainwater from the sky and subterranean wells that drew the water from below ground. From the beginning of the sixteenth century, water was routed to Pincian Hill via the subterranean channel of Acqua Vergine. During its initial building and construction, pozzi (or manholes) were located at set intervals alongside the aqueduct’s channel. During the roughly nine years he possessed the residential property, from 1543 to 1552, Cardinal Marcello Crescenzi made use of these manholes to take water from the channel in buckets, though they were actually built for the intent of cleaning and maintenance the aqueduct.

He didn’t get sufficient water from the cistern that he had established on his property to collect rainwater. That is when he made the decision to create an access point to the aqueduct that ran below his residence.

Directions for Mounting a Wall Fountain

Any room will benefit from the inclusion of a wall fountain. The relaxing sound of the waterfall will de-stress and comfort. Entryways are common places for wall fountains, but they can also be installed in any common living area. Although the instructions for hanging one are fairly straightforward there will be small variations depending on the model. There are typically several pieces that need to be put together. It will be necessary to connect the pump and tubing, and the base will need to be secured to the top portion. It is advisable to carefully check out the directions before you start the assembly process. You will find the procedure relatively straightforward. Be aware, though, that the design you have might require a somewhat different procedure. Another person can be useful to hold the wall fountain in the appropriate spot so that you can mark the wall. To make sure it will be straight, use a level. Mark the wall where you want the very top of the wall fountain as well as the base. There is more than a single way to hang a wall fountain. You can insert the screws in the wall and glide them into the slots on the back of the wall fountain. Alternatively, brackets can be fixed to the wall. The second option is better suited, particularly for heavier wall fountains. Decide where the brackets will be and then mark the appropriate spot on the wall. Put pilot holes in the wall for the drywall anchors.

Carefully hammer the anchors into the wall. Use a cordless drill or a screwdriver to mount the brackets, making sure they are straight. Then, pick up your unit and place it on the mounting brackets. Ensure that it is securely installed and level. Water can be added after the fountain has been positioned. Use sufficient water so that the pump is completely covered. Then plug it in and the water will start to flow. The water should fill the basin to within an inch of the top. Never fill the basin all the way to the top or it will overflow when the pump is not on. The water level will rise because all of the moving water will settle down at the base of the bowl. Whenever there is too much water, it will spill out and can damage your floor and furniture.

Water Features: Beloved Pets, Flying Visitors and You

Anyone who has bird feeders knows that outdoor water features bring in wildlife. The truth is that birds need water to: drink, bathe and preen. There are some birds, like robins, thrushes, orioles, or warblers, which are not attracted to bird feeders, but are interested in fountains because of the moving water.

Birds are usually drawn to outdoor fountains because of their flowing water rather than the standing water found in bowl-shaped bird baths. Trickling fountains that splash around are heard from a distance, attracting even more birds.

Dogs are attracted to fountains because they provide refreshing water to drink. During the sweltering summer months, dogs and cats will be outside searching for clean water. Also, routinely coursing water fountains require less upkeep than the still water of a birdbath that tend to get dirtier.


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