A Fabulous Example of Roman Talent: The Santa Maria in Cosmedin Fountain

Archaeologists and restorers alike have stumbled upon a treasure trove of heathen and Christian relics on the site of Santa Maria in Cosmedin in Rome. 6813_0704__31138.jpg The Bocca della Verità (Mouth of Truth} is a famed marble sculpture located at the entrance of the nearby basilica. Since the Santa Maria in Cosmedin fountain (1719) was located off the beaten track, it remained relatively obscure. For the most part, visitors stayed away from the area because it was a bleak and neglected part of the city. It was then that the Italian architect Carlo Bizzaccheri was commissioned by Pope Clement XI to erect a water fountain in the square outside the church of Santa Maria in Cosmedin in an effort to make the area more popular. August 11, 1717 marked the date when construction on the church’s infrastructure began. The first stone to be placed in the foundation was blessed and medals bearing the illustrations of the Blessed Virgin, for whom the church is named, and St. John the Baptist, the patron saint of water, were also thrown in.

The City Of Rome, Gian Bernini, And Water Fountains

There are many renowned fountains in Rome’s city center. Nearly all of them were planned, conceived and built by one of the greatest sculptors and designers of the 17th century, Gian Lorenzo Bernini. Also a city builder, he had skills as a fountain designer, and remnants of his life's work are evident throughout the streets of Rome. Bernini's father, a renowned Florentine sculptor, mentored his young son, and they ultimately moved to Rome, in order to fully express their art, primarily in the form of public water fountains and water features. The young Bernini earned encouragement from Popes and influential artists alike, and was an exceptional employee. At first he was renowned for his sculpting skills.

Most notably in the Vatican, he utilized a base of experience in classic Greek architecture and melded it effortlessly with Roman marble. Though he was influenced by many, Michelangelo had the most serious impact on him, both personally and professionally.

Add the Vitality of Feng Shui into Your Backyard

Incorporating feng shui design into your yard will help spread its energy into your home and your life.

Size is not the main consideration when incorporating feng shui design to your garden. A sizeable area is great for those lucky enough to have it, but a smaller area can still be useful in feng shui design.

The main feng shui tools can be utilized for your interior decor as well as your garden design. As the energy map, or bagua, of your garden is an extension of your home's bagua, you will need to begin by knowing the bagua of the house.

Before getting going, make sure you grasp the five elements of feng shui so that you can optimize their energy.

The Earth element, for example, should be located in the northeast part of your garden which connects to the personal growth and self-cultivation energy in feng shui design. A perfect addition to the northeast corner of your yard might be a serene Zen garden decorated with natural stone, as they represent the Earth element in feng shui.

Think about introducing a water feature into these feng shui areas: East (health & family), North (career & path in life), or Southeast (money and abundance).

The Circulation of Garden Water Fountains Manufacturing Knowledge in Europe

Spreading useful hydraulic facts and water fountain design ideas all through Europe was accomplished with the published papers and illustrated books of the time. A globally recognized leader in hydraulics in the later part of the 1500's was a French fountain designer, whose name has been lost to history. By designing gardens and grottoes with incorporated and clever water features, he began his profession in Italy by earning imperial mandates in Brussels, London and Germany. In France, near the end of his lifetime, he wrote “The Principle of Moving Forces”, a book that became the primary text on hydraulic mechanics and engineering. Explaining modern hydraulic systems, the publication furthermore updated key hydraulic developments of classical antiquity. As a mechanized means to push water, Archimedes invented the water screw, fundamental among vital hydraulic discoveries. An decorative spring with the sun warming the liquid in two containers hidden in a adjacent accommodation was presented in one illustration. The end result: the fountain is activated by the hot liquid expanding and rising up the piping. Pumps, water wheels, water features and garden pond concepts are documented in the book.

How Many Variations of Backyard Fountains Can I Choose From?

A garden can be a little sanctuary, providing you a peaceful place to stop and enjoy some outdoor time. While it is not a simple task to build one, you will be happy you did once you are able to relax and enjoy it. Both the “curb appeal” and the value of your real estate will be driven up when you put in an eye-catching garden. A water feature is not the only way to improve your landscape; consider adding trees and bushes, paving your driveway, or even putting in some special statues.

A significant improvement to your garden can be accomplished by installing a water fountain. A place of tranquility and serenity will appear from what was at first just a simple spot. The trickling water of your fountain will not only give you a calming oasis, it will also attract wild birds and other friendly local critters. Your fountain will immediately turn into the focal point of your garden or yard.


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The City Of Rome, Gian Lorenzo Bernini, And Garden Fountains
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Free Water Fountains Around Berkley, California
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