The Dispersion of Outdoor Fountain Design Knowledge

Throughout Europe, the principal means of dissiminating practical hydraulic understanding and fountain design ideas were the published papers and illustrated books of the day, which added to the evolution of scientific technology. In the later part of the 1500's, a French water fountain designer (whose name has been lost) was the internationally distinguished hydraulics pioneer. With imperial commissions in Brussels, London and Germany, he began his work in Italy, acquiring know-how in garden design and grottoes with built-in and imaginative water features. be-128-art__00895.jpg The text, “The Principles of Moving Forces,” authored towards the end of his life in France, became the definitive text on hydraulic mechanics and engineering. The publication modified important hydraulic discoveries since classical antiquity as well as describing modern day hydraulic technologies. Archimedes, the inventor of the water screw, had his work highlighted and these included a mechanical means to move water. Natural light heated the water in two hidden containers adjoining to the decorative fountain were shown in an illustration. The end result: the water fountain is activated by the heated liquid expanding and ascending up the piping. Yard ponds as well as pumps, water wheels, and water feature creations are included in the book.

Pond Fountains: The Treasure Trove in Your Very Own Yard

Most people think of the impressive masterpieces that adorn the front of public buildings when they think of fountains. But they actually come in a wide array of styles and dimensions that are appropriate for smaller spaces. This kind of element could even fit into the layout of your garden, yard, or external decor.

Having one of your own can enhance your home in two main ways. To start, everyone knows that fountains add elegance and contribute to a calming ambiance. What better way to wind down than to listen to the trickle of water and enjoy its charm. The setting will get a bit more elegant, too. Moreover, your beautiful fountain will motivate your guests to gather around and take photos, making your get-togethers even more fun.

The second reason for a water element is to provide a healthy environment for the fish in your pond. Since it keeps the water moving constantly, it helps to boost the oxygen level in the pond to the advantage of your fish. Your fish will last a longer time because of the constantly circulating, aerated water. You should see healthier plant life too.

Caring For Outdoor Garden Fountains

A very important first step is to consider the dimensions of the outdoor wall fountain with regards to the space you have available for it. It is essential that the wall where you are going to place it is sturdy enough to support its load.

Areas or walls that are smaller will require a lightweight fountain. In order for the fountain to have power, a nearby electrical socket is needed. Whatever the style of outdoor wall fountain you buy, they generally come with simple to understand, step-by-step instructions.

The typical outdoor wall feature is available in an easy-to-use kit that comes with everything you need and more to properly install it. The kit provides a submersible pump, hoses as well as the basin, or reservoir. The basin can typically be hidden away among your garden plants if it is not too big. Once your wall fountain is in place, all that is required is consistent cleaning and some light maintenance.

Replenishing and cleaning the water on a regular basis is very important. Leaves, branches or dirt are examples of rubbish which should be cleared away quickly. Excessively cold temperatures can damage your outdoor wall fountain so be sure to protect it during the winter months. If left outdoors, your pump could split as a result of frigid water, so bring it inside during the winter. All in all, an outdoor wall fountain can last for any number of years with the right maintenance and care.

Your Pet Cat and Water Elements They Can Appreciate

Whenever your cat hears water running in the kitchen, does he come running? Does he inspect the water in his bowl with his paw or drink from the toilet? Cats do not like to drink water that is not running, and this act demonstrates this. In most cases, they will not seek out a lot of water to drink.

Felines in the wild generally get the water they need from meats containing water. Therefore, felines never developed the instinct to drink water. Owner's of a pet cat, on the other hand, need to make sure their cats get adequate water because it is an important part of their overall health. With a cat fountain, you can be sure your cat has enough water available.

Having one will ensure your cat has plenty of water around anytime it wants to drink. There are countless different variations of fountains so you can get one that your cat really likes. Some fountains are essentially a basin which refills automatically while others offer fresher water due to their constant flow.

Acqua Vergine: The Answer to Rome's Water Troubles

Rome’s 1st elevated aqueduct, Aqua Anio Vetus, was built in 273 BC; before that, people residing at higher elevations had to rely on local streams for their water. If people residing at higher elevations did not have access to springs or the aqueduct, they’d have to count on the other existing solutions of the time, cisterns that gathered rainwater from the sky and subterranean wells that received the water from under ground. From the beginning of the sixteenth century, water was routed to Pincian Hill through the subterranean channel of Acqua Vergine. During the length of the aqueduct’s passage were pozzi, or manholes, that gave access. The manholes made it easier to clean the channel, but it was also possible to use buckets to remove water from the aqueduct, as we discovered with Cardinal Marcello Crescenzi when he possessed the property from 1543 to 1552, the year he died. The cistern he had built to gather rainwater wasn’t satisfactory to meet his water requirements.

Via an opening to the aqueduct that ran under his property, he was able to satisfy his water wants.


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