Contemporary Garden Decor: Outdoor Fountains and their Roots

A water fountain is an architectural piece that pours water into a basin or jets it high into the air in order to provide drinking water, as well as for decorative purposes.

Pure practicality was the original role of fountains. People in cities, towns and villages received their drinking water, as well as water to bathe and wash, via aqueducts or springs in the area. Until the late nineteenth, century most water fountains operated using the force of gravity to allow water to flow or jet into the air, therefore, they needed a source of water such as a reservoir or aqueduct located higher than the fountain. brk-306-4__72542.jpg Acting as an element of adornment and celebration, fountains also generated clean, fresh drinking water. The main materials used by the Romans to create their fountains were bronze or stone masks, mostly depicting animals or heroes. Muslims and Moorish garden designers of the Middle Ages included fountains to re-create smaller versions of the gardens of paradise. To demonstrate his dominance over nature, French King Louis XIV included fountains in the Garden of Versailles. To mark the entryway of the restored Roman aqueducts, the Popes of the 17th and 18th centuries commissioned the building of baroque style fountains in the spot where the aqueducts entered the city of Rome

Since indoor plumbing became the norm of the day for clean, drinking water, by the end of the 19th century urban fountains were no longer needed for this purpose and they became purely decorative. Gravity was substituted by mechanical pumps in order to permit fountains to bring in clean water and allow for beautiful water displays.

Beautifying city parks, honoring people or events and entertaining, are some of the uses of modern-day fountains.

The Life-Altering Advantages of Water Elements

Having a fountain around can optimize your daily life as the soothing sound of the water provides a sense of tranquility, and the movement of the water serves to clean and moisten the air.

Both an indoor and an outdoor garden fountain will help you in ways you might not even know. People around the world flock to coastal cities and large bodies of water, most likely influenced by the fact that our bodies have a high water content. While there are many luxurious ways to integrate the benefits of water into your daily life (like investing in a beach house!), a much more accessible option is to put a water feature in your home.

The introduction of an outdoor garden fountain to any deck, terrace, or veranda will make a huge difference to your enjoyment of the space. However lovely it already is, your spot will be even more stunning if you add an outdoor water feature from the wide variety available.

A wonderful idea is to set up one on the wall of your screened porch, or perhaps outside as part of your outdoor decor. If you have a flower bed, consider installing a beautiful tiered model there to add a sense of tranquility. Due to the constant movement of water in a birdbath fountain, algae and bacteria do not accumulate, and birds come flocking to the fresh water. Add the finishing touch with the enticing sound of flowing water in your garden.

Garden Fountains: The Minoan Culture

Various types of conduits have been unveiled through archaeological digs on the isle of Crete, the cradle of Minoan society. These delivered water and removed it, including water from waste and deluges. Stone and clay were the materials of choice for these conduits. When terracotta was employed, it was usually for canals as well as pipes which came in rectangle-shaped or round patterns. Amidst these were clay conduits that were U shaped or a shorter, cone-like form which have just showed up in Minoan society. Terracotta pipes were employed to administer water at Knossos Palace, running up to three meters beneath the floors. The pipes also had other uses including amassing water and directing it to a main area for storage. To make this feasible, the piping had to be fashioned to handle: Below ground Water Transportation: At first this particular system seems to have been fashioned not for comfort but to supply water to chosen individuals or rites without it being spotted. Quality Water Transportation: The pipes may also have been made use of to carry water to fountains that were separate from the city’s general process.

Rome’s Early Water Transport Solutions

With the manufacturing of the first raised aqueduct in Rome, the Aqua Anio Vetus in 273 BC, individuals who lived on the city’s foothills no longer had to rely exclusively on naturally-occurring spring water for their needs. If inhabitants residing at higher elevations did not have access to springs or the aqueduct, they’d have to count on the other existing systems of the day, cisterns that compiled rainwater from the sky and subterranean wells that received the water from under ground. Starting in the sixteenth century, a newer approach was introduced, using Acqua Vergine’s subterranean segments to deliver water to Pincian Hill. Spanning the length of the aqueduct’s channel were pozzi, or manholes, that gave entry. The manholes made it more straightforward to maintain the channel, but it was also achievable to use buckets to pull water from the aqueduct, as we observed with Cardinal Marcello Crescenzi when he operated the property from 1543 to 1552, the year he passed away. Whilst the cardinal also had a cistern to collect rainwater, it didn’t provide sufficient water.

Fortunately, the aqueduct sat just below his property, and he had a shaft established to give him access.

The Circulation of Water Fountain Engineering Knowledge in Europe

The published papers and illustrated publications of the time contributed to the advancements of scientific technology, and were the chief means of spreading useful hydraulic facts and fountain ideas all through Europe. In the late 1500's, a French fountain architect (whose name has been lost) was the internationally distinguished hydraulics innovator. With imperial mandates in Brussels, London and Germany, he began his career in Italy, developing expertise in garden design and grottoes with incorporated and ingenious water hydraulics. “The Principles of Moving Forces”, a publication which became the essential book on hydraulic mechanics and engineering, was written by him toward the end of his life in France. Classical antiquity hydraulic discoveries were detailed as well as revisions to key classical antiquity hydraulic advancements in the publication. Archimedes, the creator of the water screw, had his work showcased and these integrated a mechanical way to move water. An ornamental water fountain with the sun heating the water in two containers hidden in a adjacent accommodation was presented in one illustration. What occurs is the heated water expanded, rises and closes up the conduits heading to the water feature, thereby leading to activation. The book furthermore includes garden ponds, water wheels, water feature designs.


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