A Fabulous Example of Roman Artistry: The Santa Maria in Cosmedin Water Fountain

Archaeologists and restorers on the lookout for pagan and Christian artifacts in Rome have come upon a wealth of them in the area of the Santa Maria in Cosmedin. The Bocca della Verità (Mouth of Truth} is a recognized marble sculpture found at the entrance of the nearby basilica. Built in 1719, the Santa Maria in Cosmedin fountain was relatively unknown and located far from sight making it difficult to visit. pd_30__94326.jpg It was said that there was very little to see in this area, as it was abject and desolate making it an unfriendly place to visit. It was then that the Italian architect Carlo Bizzaccheri was commissioned by Pope Clement XI to erect a fountain in the square outside the church of Santa Maria in Cosmedin in an attempt to make the area more popular. August 11, 1717 saw the start of the job to put down the foundation of the church. Medals bearing the images of the Blessed Virgin, for whom the church is named, and of St. John the Baptist, the patron saint of water, were thrown in the foundation following the blessing of the first rock.

Use a Outdoor Fountain To Help Improve Air Quality

An otherwise boring ambiance can be pepped up with an indoor wall fountain. Your senses and your health can benefit from the putting in of one of these indoor features. The science behind the idea that water fountains can be good for you is irrefutable. Water features in general generate negative ions which are then balanced out by the positive ions released by contemporary conveniences. Undeniable favorable improvements in mental and physical health arise when negative ions overpower positive ions. They also raise serotonin levels, so you begin to feel more alert, relaxed and revitalized.

Due to the negative ions it releases, an indoor wall fountain can improve your mood and also eliminate impurities in the air. They also help to reduce allergies, pollutants as well as other types of irritants. And finally, water fountains are great at absorbing dust and microbes floating in the air and as a result in bettering your overall health.

Where did Large Outdoor Fountains Originate from?

The amazing or decorative effect of a fountain is just one of the purposes it fulfills, in addition to supplying drinking water and adding a decorative touch to your property.

From the onset, outdoor fountains were simply meant to serve as functional elements. Water fountains were linked to a spring or aqueduct to provide potable water as well as bathing water for cities, townships and villages. Up to the late nineteenth century, water fountains had to be near an aqueduct or reservoir and more elevated than the fountain so that gravity could make the water move downwards or shoot high into the air. Fountains were not only used as a water source for drinking water, but also to decorate homes and celebrate the artist who created it.

The main materials used by the Romans to build their fountains were bronze or stone masks, mostly illustrating animals or heroes. During the Middle Ages, Muslim and Moorish garden planners included fountains to create smaller depictions of the gardens of paradise. The fountains found in the Gardens of Versailles were meant to show the power over nature held by King Louis XIV of France. Seventeen and 18 century Popes sought to exalt their positions by including beautiful baroque-style fountains at the point where restored Roman aqueducts arrived into the city.

Since indoor plumbing became the norm of the day for clean, drinking water, by the end of the 19th century urban fountains were no longer needed for this purpose and they became purely ornamental. Impressive water effects and recycled water were made possible by switching the force of gravity with mechanical pumps.

Nowadays, fountains decorate public spaces and are used to pay tribute to individuals or events and fill recreational and entertainment needs.

An Introduction to Garden Herbs

Some gardeners are enticed to herbs which can easily be cultivated inside the house and out and are perfect in a variety of cooking processes. They are incredibly painless to grow both indoors or outdoors, and offer instant gratification as you can incorporate them in a wide variety of recipes including soups, marinades and sauces.

While you may presume you have to get out and prune daily with an herb garden this is not correct, but even better you can keep it going all 12 months long by moving your pots indoors in the fall. It is often sensible to allow perennial herbs to comprise the bulk of your garden, as these will not die and require replanting at the end of the year. Your flavor and texture preferences in preparing food with herbs are key considerations in deciding which herbs to grow. Basil, oregano, and thyme are great herbs to plant if you really enjoy cooking and eating Italian food. If you prefer Latin themed food, you may choose to cultivate cilantro instead. It is important to identify where your herbs will be cultivated in order to decide which herbs will thrive. If you live in a mild climate, with warm winters and relatively cool summers, it may be easiest to plant straight into the ground. This makes it so you do not have to be concerned about making planters. It is also a stunning way to landscape your garden. There is absolutely nothing you can do to escape harsh climate conditions that might hurt your plants. However, there's hope because planters can be transferred indoors whenever there's bad weather outdoors so they are flexible and convenient for your herbs.

Ancient Crete & The Minoans: Wall Fountains

A variety of kinds of conduits have been discovered through archaeological excavations on the island of Crete, the birthplace of Minoan society. These were utilized to furnish cities with water as well as to reduce flooding and remove waste. The main ingredients utilized were rock or clay.

There were clay pipes, both circular and rectangular as well as pathways made from the same material. These included cone-like and U-shaped clay pipes which were unique to the Minoans. The water availability at Knossos Palace was managed with a strategy of terracotta piping that was put beneath the floor, at depths ranging from a few centimeters to several meters. These Minoan pipelines were also utilized for amassing and storing water, not just distribution. To make this feasible, the conduits had to be created to handle: Underground Water Transportation: At first this particular technique seems to have been created not quite for comfort but rather to provide water for chosen individuals or rituals without it being observed. Quality Water Transportation: Many historians think that these pipes were utilized to make a different distribution system for the palace.


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