Contemporary Garden Decoration: Fountains and their Roots

A water fountain is an architectural piece that pours water into a basin or jets it high into the air in order to provide drinkable water, as well as for decorative purposes.

The main purpose of a fountain was originally strictly practical. Water fountains were connected to a spring or aqueduct to provide drinkable water as well as bathing water for cities, townships and villages. Up to the late nineteenth century, water fountains had to be near an aqueduct or reservoir and higher than the fountain so that gravity could make the water move downwards or jet high into the air. twf028-ld__25647.jpg Acting as an element of decoration and celebration, fountains also supplied clean, fresh drinking water. Animals or heroes made of bronze or stone masks were often utilized by Romans to decorate their fountains. Muslims and Moorish garden designers of the Middle Ages included fountains to re-create smaller models of the gardens of paradise. Fountains enjoyed a significant role in the Gardens of Versailles, all part of French King Louis XIV’s desire to exercise his power over nature. To mark the entrance of the restored Roman aqueducts, the Popes of the 17th and 18th centuries commissioned the construction of baroque style fountains in the spot where the aqueducts entered the city of Rome

Indoor plumbing became the key source of water by the end of the 19th century thereby restricting urban fountains to mere decorative elements. Amazing water effects and recycled water were made possible by replacing the power of gravity with mechanical pumps.

Decorating city parks, honoring people or events and entertaining, are some of the purposes of modern-day fountains.

The Original Water Features

The water from springs and other sources was initially supplied to the inhabitants of nearby communities and cities via water fountains, whose purpose was largely practical, not aesthetic. A supply of water higher in elevation than the fountain was necessary to pressurize the movement and send water spraying from the fountain's nozzle, a technology without equal until the later part of the 19th century. Commonly used as memorials and commemorative structures, water fountains have impressed travelers from all over the planet all through the centuries. Rough in style, the very first water fountains didn't look much like present fountains. Crafted for drinking water and ceremonial functions, the 1st fountains were basic carved stone basins. 2,000 B.C. is when the oldest identified stone fountain basins were used. The spray of water emerging from small spouts was pushed by gravity, the sole power source creators had in those days. The placement of the fountains was driven by the water source, which is why you’ll normally find them along reservoirs, waterways, or rivers. Fountains with ornate decoration began to appear in Rome in about 6 B.C., normally gods and wildlife, made with stone or bronze.

The extraordinary aqueducts of Rome supplied water to the incredible public fountains, most of which you can travel to today.

The Beauty of Multi-Level Water Elements

For many years now now, multi-tiered fountains have been prevalent, particularly in gardens. Mediterranean countries such as Italy and Spain generally have many tiered fountains. Typical places to see them are in courtyards and piazzas. Tiered fountains come in a wide variety of designs, from elaborately carved styles to relatively simple types.

People love to showcase them in places having a classic look and feel. It should seem as if the fountain has been part of the environment since the beginning and should blend in accordingly.

Wall Water Fountains: A Wide Variety of Design Choices

When you are limited on room, a garden wall fountain is an ideal answer.

These works of art will not take up much room and are quick to mount on any wall. Prices range from cheap to expensive and there are countless types available so everyone should be able to find the best design for them. You can find countless distinctive color options as well as sizes. These beautiful water fountains are also fashionable with anyone looking to add some pizzazz to their outdoor decor. Several fountains can be mounted on the same wall if there is sufficient space as this will amplify the sounds of a waterfall.

Numerous options are out there if you decide to get a garden fountain. Two of the main things to be established are which style to purchase and where to install it.

The Effect of the Norman Conquest on Anglo Saxon Gardens

The introduction of the Normans in the 2nd half of the 11th century irreparably transformed The Anglo-Saxon lifestyle. The Normans were better than the Anglo-Saxons at architecture and horticulture when they came into power. But yet there was no time for home life, domesticated architecture, and decoration until the Normans had conquered the whole region. Monasteries and castles served different purposes, so while monasteries were large stone structures constructed in only the most fruitful, wide dales, castles were set upon blustery knolls where the people focused on learning offensive and defensive strategies. Gardening, a peaceful occupation, was impracticable in these unproductive fortifications. Berkeley Castle, perhaps the most pristine style of the early Anglo-Norman style of architecture, still exists now. The keep is said to date from William the Conqueror's time. A large terrace meant for walking and as a means to stop enemies from mining below the walls runs about the building. One of these terraces, a charming bowling green, is covered grass and flanked by an old yew hedge trimmed into the form of crude battlements.


The Distribution of Water Fountain Engineering Knowledge in Europe
Instrumental to the development of scientific technology were the published papers and illustrated publications of the time. They were also the principal means of transferring useful... read more
The Circulation of Outdoor Garden Fountain Manufacturing Knowledge in Europe
The circulated reports and illustrated pamphlets of the time contributed to the advancements of scientific technology, and were the chief methods of spreading practical hydraulic information and water fountain suggestions... read more
Gian Lorenzo Bernini's Public Fountains
There are many celebrated water fountains in Rome’s city center. One of the greatest sculptors and designers of the 17th century, Gian Lorenzo Bernini planned, created and constructed almost all of them. He... read more