The Dispersion of Water Feature Design Knowledge

Spreading useful hydraulic information and fountain design ideas throughout Europe was accomplished with the printed documents and illustrated books of the time. An internationally renowned innovator in hydraulics in the later part of the 1500's was a French water fountain engineer, whose name has been lost to history. With imperial mandates in Brussels, London and Germany, he began his career in Italy, building knowledge in garden design and grottoes with integrated and imaginative water features. pd-219__75287.jpg “The Principles of Moving Forces”, a publication which turned into the essential book on hydraulic mechanics and engineering, was written by him toward the end of his life in France. Updating key hydraulic findings of classical antiquity, the publication also highlights modern hydraulic technologies. The water screw, a technical way to move water, and invented by Archimedes, was featured in the book. Natural light heated the water in two undetectable vessels next to the decorative water feature were shown in an illustration. What occurs is the heated liquid expanded, goes up and locks up the conduits heading to the water feature, thereby leading to activation. Yard ponds as well as pumps, water wheels, and water feature creations are talked about in the publication.

Wall Water Features: What Design Alternative is Optimal for Your Chosen Space?

When you are tight on space, a garden wall fountain is an ideal answer. They are beautiful and easy to put up, and you do not need a great deal of space. There are so many different price ranges and models so that everyone can find their most appropriate fit. Moreover, you can find either decorated or plain ones that come in a range of sizes. These gorgeous water fountains are also common with anyone looking to add some flair to their outdoor decor. It is also possible to get more than one fountain for an interesting waterfall sound if you have enough space on your wall.

When it comes time to selecting a garden fountain, there are loads of options available.

The type you want and where to mount it are the first things to figure out.

Water Elements Where Your Cat Can Play

Whenever your cat hears water running in the kitchen, does he come running? Does he drink from the toilet or check the water in his bowl before drinking it? Cats tend to prefer water that is running, as this behavior demonstrates. They are not driven to drink water much at all.

Out in nature, cats eat meat full of moisture which keeps them sufficiently hydrated. Therefore, felines never developed the impulse to drink water. That said, domestic cats do in fact need extra water, so it is up to you to provide it. Make water easily available to your cat by installing a cat fountain.

Having one will ensure your pet has plenty of water available anytime it wants to drink. There are numerous different variations of fountains so you can get one that your cat really likes. One kind of fountain has regularly moving water for maximum freshness whereas others have water which is repeatedly refilled when the bowl is empty.

Rome, Gian Bernini, And Water Features

There are many famous Roman fountains in its city center. One of the best ever sculptors and artists of the 17th century, nearly all of them were designed, conceptualized and constructed by Gian Lorenzo Bernini. His expertise as a fountain creator and also as a city designer, are observable all through the roads of Rome. Eventually transferring to Rome to fully express their art, primarily in the shape of public water features, Bernini’s father, a distinguished Florentine sculptor, guided his young son. The young Bernini received compliments from Popes and relevant artists alike, and was an exceptional worker. At the beginning he was celebrated for his sculptural skills. He used his ability and melded it gracefully with Roman marble, most significantly in the Vatican.

Though a variety of artists impacted his artistic endeavors, Michelangelo influenced him the most.

From Where Did Landscape Fountains Begin?

The dramatic or ornamental effect of a fountain is just one of the purposes it fulfills, in addition to delivering drinking water and adding a decorative touch to your property.

Originally, fountains only served a functional purpose. People in cities, towns and villages received their drinking water, as well as water to bathe and wash, from aqueducts or springs in the area. Until the late nineteenth, century most water fountains operated using gravity to allow water to flow or jet into the air, therefore, they needed a supply of water such as a reservoir or aqueduct located higher than the fountain. Fountains were not only used as a water source for drinking water, but also to decorate homes and celebrate the artist who created it. Bronze or stone masks of wildlife and heroes were commonly seen on Roman fountains. During the Middle Ages, Muslim and Moorish garden designers included fountains in their designs to re-create the gardens of paradise. To demonstrate his prominence over nature, French King Louis XIV included fountains in the Garden of Versailles. The Popes of the 17th and 18th centuries were extolled with baroque style fountains constructed to mark the place of entry of Roman aqueducts.

Since indoor plumbing became the norm of the day for fresh, drinking water, by the end of the 19th century urban fountains were no longer needed for this purpose and they became purely ornamental. Amazing water effects and recycled water were made possible by switching the force of gravity with mechanical pumps.

These days, fountains decorate public spaces and are used to pay tribute to individuals or events and fill recreational and entertainment needs.


Gian Bernini's Water Fountains
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